Strindberg, (Johan) August


Strindberg, (Johan) August
born Jan. 22, 1849, Stockholm, Swed.
died May 14, 1912, Stockholm

Swedish playwright and novelist.

While working as a journalist, he wrote the historical drama Mäster Olof (1872); though rejected by the national theatre and not produced until 1890, it is now considered the first modern Swedish drama. He won fame with his novel The Red Room (1879), which satirized the Stockholm art world. His unhappy life included three marriages and episodes of mental instability. In his most creative period he moved restlessly around Europe for six years, writing his three major plays: The Father (1887), Miss Julie (1888), and The Creditors (1890). These iconoclastic works portrayed the battle of the sexes using a combination of dramatic naturalism and psychology. During this period he also wrote three novels. After a mental breakdown he experienced a religious conversion that inspired symbolic dramas such as The Dance of Death (1901), A Dream Play (1902), and five "chamber plays," including The Ghost Sonata (1907).

Strindberg, lithograph by Edvard Munch, 1896

Courtesy of the Munch-Museet, Oslo; photograph, O. Vaering

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strindberg, (Johan)August — Strind·berg (strĭndʹbûrg, strĭnʹ ), (Johan) August. 1849 1912. Swedish writer of novels and plays, including Miss Julie (1888) and The Dance of Death (1901), which are noted for their psychological realism.   Strind·bergʹi·an adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • Strindberg, (Johan) August — (22 ene. 1849, Estocolmo, Suecia–14 may. 1912, Estocolmo). Dramaturgo y novelista sueco. Durante sus años como periodista escribió el drama histórico El maestro Olof (1872), que fue rechazado por el teatro nacional, y en 1890 recién pudo ser… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Strindberg, Johan August — ► (1849 1912) Literato sueco. Su primera obra importante, El maestro Olaf, refleja el influjo de Shakespeare e Ibsen. Su primer éxito lo consiguió con la novela La sala roja (1879), con la que introdujo en Suecia el género naturalista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Strindberg, Johan August —    см. Стриндберг, Юхан Август …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Johan August Strindberg — August Strindberg um 1900 Johan August Strindberg (* 22. Januar 1849 in Stockholm; † 14. Mai 1912 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Schriftsteller und Künstler. Er gilt als einer der wichtigsten schwedischen Autoren, besonders seine Dramatik ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johan August Strindberg — August Strindberg August Strindberg Activité(s) écrivain, dramaturge Naissance 22 janvier 1849 Stockholm Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johan August Strindberg — noun Swedish dramatist and novelist (1849 1912) • Syn: ↑Strindberg, ↑August Strindberg • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright …   Useful english dictionary

  • Strindberg — Strindberg, Johan August …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • August Strindberg — noun Swedish dramatist and novelist (1849 1912) • Syn: ↑Strindberg, ↑Johan August Strindberg • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright …   Useful english dictionary

  • Strindberg — noun Swedish dramatist and novelist (1849 1912) • Syn: ↑August Strindberg, ↑Johan August Strindberg • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dramatist, ↑playwright …   Useful english dictionary


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