Streicher, Julius


Streicher, Julius
born Feb. 22, 1885, Fleinhausen, Ger.
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, W.Ger.

German Nazi demagogue and politician.

He joined the Nazi Party in 1921 and became a friend of Adolf Hitler. In 1923 he founded the anti-Semitic weekly Der Stürmer, which provided a focus for Hitler's racial policies. As one of the most virulent advocates of persecution of the Jews, Streicher initiated the campaign that led to the passage of the Nürnberg Laws in 1935. He was appointed gauleiter (district leader) of Franconia, but his sadistic excesses alienated party officials, and he was stripped of his posts in 1940; he remained editor of Der Stürmer, however, owing to Hitler's protection. In 1945 he was arrested by the Allies, prosecuted at the Nürnberg trials, and hanged as a war criminal.

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▪ German politician
born Feb. 22, 1885, Fleinhausen, Ger.
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, W.Ger.
 Nazi demagogue and politician who gained infamy as one of the most virulent advocates of the persecution of Jews during the 1930s.

      Streicher served in the German army during World War I and afterward taught elementary school in Nürnberg. He joined the Nazi Party in 1921, becoming one of the earliest Nazis in southern Germany and a close friend of Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf). In 1925 Streicher was appointed gauleiter (district leader) of Franconia, which, after the Nazis came to power in 1933, he administered from his chief bailiwick, Nürnberg. As the founder (1923) and editor of the anti-Semitic weekly newspaper Der Sturmer, Streicher achieved a position of great wealth and influence in Nazi Germany. Der Sturmer's crude anti-Jewish invective provided a focus for Hitler's persecutory racial policies; the newspaper initiated the general campaign that led to the passage of the Nürnberg Laws in 1935.

      Streicher's irresponsible behaviour and sexual and sadistic excesses eventually alienated many of his fellow party officials, and he was stripped of his party posts in 1940 after a commission investigated the scandalous irregularities of his business transactions and personal life. He continued to serve as editor of Der Sturmer throughout the war years, however, owing to Hitler's protection of him.

 After the collapse of Germany, Streicher, disguised as a painter, was captured on May 23, 1945, by U.S. troops near Waldring, Bavaria. Indicted along with other top Nazi leaders to stand trial on charges of war crimes before the International Military Tribunal at Nürnberg (Nürnberg trials), Streicher was found guilty on Oct. 1, 1946, of crimes against humanity and was sentenced to death by hanging.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Streicher, Julius — (1885 1946)    politician; the Republic s most notori ous anti Semite. Born near Augsburg in the Swabian village of Fleinhausen, he was the ninth child in a strict Catholic* family. Like his father, he trained as a primary school (Volksschule)… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Streicher, Julius — 1885–1946    Streicher was one of the most violent and crude Jew baiters of the Nazi Party. His career began when he helped to found the Nuremberg German Socialist Party immediately following World War I. This party was a major rival of HITLER’s… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Streicher, Julius — (22 feb. 1885, Fleinhansen, Alemania–16 oct. 1946, Nuremberg, Alemania Occidental). Demagogo y político nazi alemán. Se unió al Partido Nazi en 1921 y entabló amistad con Adolf Hitler. En 1923 fundó el semanario antisemita Der Stürmer, que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Streicher, Julius — (1885–1946)    See Sturmer, Der; Nuremberg Trials …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Julius Streicher — (12 de febrero de 1885 16 de octubre de 1946) fue un militar y nazi relevante antes de y durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Era el editor del diario de ideología nacionalsocialista Der St …   Wikipedia Español

  • Julius Streicher — au procès de Nuremberg Naissance 12 février 1885 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

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  • Julius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Julius Caesar Cohn, Ferdinand (Julius) Cohnheim, Julius Friedrich Erving, Julius (Winfield) Scaliger, Julius Caesar y Joseph Justus Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius) Geiger, Theodor Julius… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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