Strassmann, Fritz


Strassmann, Fritz
born Feb. 22, 1902, Boppard, Ger.
died April 22, 1980, Mainz, W.Ger.

German physical chemist.

He helped develop the method of rubidium-strontium dating widely used in geochronology. Beginning in 1934, he joined Otto Hahn and Lise Meitner in their investigations of the radioactive products formed when uranium is bombarded by neutrons. In 1938 they discovered lighter elements produced from the neutron bombardment, which were the result of the splitting of the uranium atom into two lighter atoms (nuclear fission). In 1946 he joined the faculty at the University of Mainz, where he established the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (later the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry), and he directed the chemistry department at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (1945–53).

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▪ German chemist
born Feb. 22, 1902, Boppard, Ger.
died April 22, 1980, Mainz, W.Ger.

      German physical chemist who, with Otto Hahn (Hahn, Otto), discovered neutron-induced nuclear fission in uranium (1938) and thereby opened the field of atomic energy.

      Strassmann received his Ph.D. from the Technical University in Hannover in 1929. He helped develop the rubidium-strontium method of dating widely used in geochronology. Beginning in 1934 he joined Hahn and Lise Meitner (Meitner, Lise) in their investigations of the radioactive products formed when uranium is bombarded by neutrons. Strassmann's mastery of analytic chemistry contributed to the team's recognition of the lighter elements produced from neutron bombardment, which were the result of the splitting of the uranium atom into two lighter atoms.

      After serving briefly on the staffs of the Hannover and Kaiser Wilhelm institutes (destroyed in 1944), Strassmann in 1946 became professor of inorganic and nuclear chemistry at the University of Mainz, where he established the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (later the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry). From 1945 to 1953 he was director of the chemistry department at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Strassmann , Fritz — (1902–1980) German chemist Strassmann was born at Boppard in Germany and educated at the Technical University at Hannover. He taught at Hannover and at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute before being appointed to the chair of inorganic and nuclear… …   Scientists

  • Strassmann, Fritz — (22 feb. 1902, Boppard, Alemania–22 abr. 1980, Maguncia, Alemania Occidental). Fisicoquímico alemán. Contribuyó a desarrollar el método de datación por rubidio estroncio muy usado en geocronología. En 1934 se unió a las investigaciones que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fritz Strassmann — Infobox Scientist name = Fritz Strassmann box width = image width = 150px caption = Fritz Strassmann birth date = February 22, 1902 birth place = Boppard death date = April 22, 1980 death place = Mainz residence = citizenship = nationality… …   Wikipedia

  • fritz — /frits/, Informal. n. 1. on the fritz, not in working order: Our TV went on the fritz last night. v.i. 2. fritz out, to become inoperable. [1900 05; of obscure orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Haber Fritz Kreisler Fritz Lang Fritz Reiner… …   Universalium

  • Fritz — /frits/, n. 1. Older Slang (sometimes offensive). a German, esp. a German soldier. 2. a male given name. [1910 15; < G; common nickname for Friedrich] * * * (as used in expressions) Haber Fritz Kreisler Fritz Lang Fritz Reiner Fritz Strassmann… …   Universalium

  • Fritz — (as used in expressions) Haber, Fritz Kreisler, Fritz Lang, Fritz Reiner, Fritz Strassmann, Fritz Thyssen, Fritz Zwicky, Fritz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fritz Strassmann — Fritz Straßmann (* 22. Februar 1902 in Boppard; † 22. April 1980 in Mainz) war ein deutscher Chemiker. Er ist einer der Entdecker der Kernspaltung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausbildung und Studium 2 Forschung am Kaiser Wilhelm Institut für Chemie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Straßmann — (eigentlich Friedrich Wilhelm Straßmann; * 22. Februar 1902 in Boppard; † 22. April 1980 in Mainz) war ein deutscher Chemiker. Er war einer der Entdecker der Kernspaltung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausbildung und Studium 2 Forschung am Kaiser Wilhelm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Elsas — (* 11. Juli 1890 in Cannstatt; † 4. Januar 1945 im KZ Sachsenhausen) war ein deutscher Politiker (DDP/DStP) und Widerstandskämpfer gegen den Nationalsozialismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Straßmann (Mediziner) — Fritz Straßmann, auch Strassmann (* 27. August 1858 in Berlin; † 30. Januar 1940 ebenda) war ein deutscher Rechtsmediziner. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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