Stoss, Veit


Stoss, Veit
born 1438/47, Swabia
died 1533, Nürnberg

German sculptor and wood carver.

He worked mainly in Poland from 1477 to 1496; among his principal works is the majestic high altar in the Church of the Virgin Mary in Kraków (1477–89). After his return to Germany, he settled in Nürnberg and produced important wood and stone sculptures in churches there and in Bamberg. His nervous, angular forms, realistic detail, and virtuoso wood carving synthesized the sculptural styles of Flemish and Danubian art, and he exercised great influence on German late Gothic sculpture.

The Archangel Raphael, wood sculpture by Veit Stoss, 1516–18; ...

Courtesy of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nurnberg

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▪ German sculptor
Polish Wit Stosz, or Stwosz
born 1438/47, Swabia [Germany]
died 1533, Nürnberg
 one of the greatest sculptors and wood-carvers of 16th-century Germany. His nervous, angular forms, realistic detail, and virtuoso wood carving synthesized the sculptural styles of Flemish and Danubian art and, together with the emotional force and dramatic realism of the Dutch sculptor Nicolaus Gerhaert von Leyden, exercised tremendous influence on the late Gothic sculpture of Germany, especially that of Nürnberg.

      Stoss grew up in Nürnberg. From 1477 to 1496 he worked mainly in Poland, Bohemia, and Hungary. His principal works are the majestic high altar, carved in limewood and painted, of the Church of the Virgin Mary in Kraków (1477–89) and the sculptured tombs of King Casimir IV and Archbishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki in the cathedrals of Kraków and Gniezno, respectively. When he returned to Nürnberg, he was defrauded of his savings. Attempting to regain them by forgery, he was discovered and branded, and he passed an embittered old age encumbered with civic disabilities, even though the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I granted him full pardon.

      His work of this period includes important wood and stone sculpture in the churches of St. Sebaldus (1499, 1520) and St. Lorenz (1513, 1518) in Nürnberg and a carved altar in Bamberg cathedral (1523). These late works reveal greater restraint and compositional clarity, which probably derived from a study of the works of the Nürnberg painter Albrecht Dürer.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stoss, Veit — • Sculptor, b. at Nuremberg in 1438; d there in 1533 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • STOSS, Veit — (c. 1450 1533) Veit Stoss was either from the Black Forest town of Horb, in Swabia, or from one of several similarly named towns in Poland; judging from his subsequent career, the former seems more likely. He is first heard of as a sculptor in… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Stoss, Veit — ► (1447 1533) Escultor y grabador alemán. Destaca su capacidad expresiva. Autor de Virgen con el Niño. * * * (1438/47, Swabia–1533, Nuremberg). Escultor y tallador en madera alemán. Entre 1477 y 1496 trabajó principalmente en Polonia. Entre sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stoss — Stoss, Veit …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Veit Stoss —     Veit Stoss     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Veit Stoss     Sculptor, b. at Nuremberg in 1438; d there in 1533. In 1477 he established a large work shop at Cracow, Poland, but in 1496 he returned to Nuremberg. With Adam Kraft and Peter Vischer,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • STOSS (V.) — STOSS VEIT (1438 ou 1447 1533) Les origines de Veit Stoss sont obscures, tout comme les conditions de sa formation de sculpteur et de peintre. Né à Nuremberg vers le milieu du XVe siècle (on a proposé les dates de 1438 ou de 1447) d’une famille… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stoss — Veit Stoss Le retable de Cracovie, une des œuvres majeures de Veit Stoss Veit Stoss (vers 1448 à Horb am Neckar; † 1533 à Nuremberg[1]) est l un des plus importants sculpteurs du …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Veit Stoss — Veit Stoß. Gravure, vers 1600, 7×5 cm Le retable de Cracovie, une des œuvres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stoss — (Veit). V. Stwosz (Wit). Stwosz (Wit) ou Stoss (Veit) (v. 1440 1533) sculpteur d origine incertaine (polonaise ou all.); représentant de l art gothique finissant …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Veit Stoss — Busto de Stoss en el Ruhmeshalle, Múnich …   Wikipedia Español


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