Stephenson, Robert


Stephenson, Robert
born Oct. 16, 1803, Willington Quay, Northumberland, Eng.
died Oct. 12, 1859, London

British civil engineer and builder of long-span railroad bridges.

The son of George Stephenson, he assisted his father in constructing the Rocket and several railways. Building a railway from Newcastle to Berwick, he spanned the River Tyne with a six-arch iron bridge. Called on to build a secure railroad bridge over the Menai Strait to the Welsh mainland, Stephenson conceived a unique tubular design, the success of which led to his building other tubular bridges in England and elsewhere.

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▪ British engineer

born Oct. 16, 1803, Willington Quay, Northumberland, Eng.
died Oct. 12, 1859, London
 outstanding English Victorian civil engineer and builder of many long-span railroad bridges, most notably the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait, North Wales.

      The only son of George Stephenson (Stephenson, George), inventor of the railroad locomotive, Robert was educated at Bruce's Academy, Newcastle upon Tyne, and at Edinburgh University. In 1821 he assisted his father in survey work for the Stockton and Darlington Railway and afterward on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. After serving as a mining engineer in Colombia, he returned to England, where he made many improvements in locomotives and in 1833 was appointed chief engineer of the London and Birmingham Railway. In this position he directed several major engineering works, such as the cutting, or excavation, at Blisworth and the Kilsby Tunnel. Next undertaking a new railroad line from Newcastle to Berwick, he spanned the Tyne River with a six-arch iron bridge, using James Nasmyth's newly invented steam hammer to drive the bridge's foundations.

      Called on to build a secure railroad bridge over the Menai Strait, between the Isle of Anglesey and the Welsh mainland, Stephenson conceived a unique tubular design, the success of which led to several other tubular bridges built by Stephenson in England and other countries.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Stephenson, Robert — (16 oct. 1803, Willington Quay, Northumberland, Inglaterra–12 oct. 1859, Londres). Ingeniero civil británico y constructor de puentes ferroviarios de gran luz. Hijo de George Stephenson, ayudó a su padre en la construcción de la locomotora Rocket …   Enciclopedia Universal

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