Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (Isayevich)


Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (Isayevich)
born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia

Russian novelist and historian.

He fought in World War II but was arrested in 1945 for criticizing Joseph Stalin. He spent eight years in prisons and labour camps and three more in enforced exile. With One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), based on his labour-camp experiences, he emerged as an eloquent opponent of government repression. He was forced to publish later works abroad, including The First Circle (1968), Cancer Ward (1968), and August 1914 (1971). Publication of the first volume of The Gulag Archipelago (1973), one of the greatest works in Russian prose, resulted in his being charged with treason. Expelled from the Soviet Union in 1974, he lived in the U.S., enjoying worldwide fame, until 1994, when he returned home. In the late 1980s glasnost brought renewed access to his work in Russia but also a loss of interest in it and in the prophetic role he claimed for himself in Russian history. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Solzhenitsyn,Aleksandr Isayevich — Sol·zhe·ni·tsyn (sōl zhə nētʹsĭn, səl zhə nyēʹtsĭn), Aleksandr Isayevich. Born 1918. Soviet writer and dissident whose works, including One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) and The Gulag Archipelago (1973 1975), exposed the brutality of… …   Universalium

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich — ▪ 2009       Russian novelist and historian born Dec. 11, 1918, Kislovodsk, Russia died Aug. 3, 2008, Troitse Lykovo, near Moscow, Russia was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, but he declined to go to Stockholm to receive the prize… …   Universalium

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich — (1918– )    Arrested while serving as an artillery captain at the front in 1945, Solzhenitsyn was sentenced to eight years imprisonment for his criticism of Joseph Stalin. Over the next eight years, he served his sentence in jails and forced… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich — (1918–2008)    Novelist, historian, and nationalist ideologue. Born to a young widow in Kislovodsk on 11 December 1918, Solzhenitsyn’s youth was shaped by the Russian Civil War and the subsequent collectivization of his family’s farm. He studied… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • SOLZHENITSYN, Aleksandr Isayevich — (1918 )    Russian novelist and CHRISTIAN thinker who was imprisoned and sent to a labor camp in Siberia for disrespectful references to STALIN. Released in 1953 he and wrote One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) followed by The Gulag… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn — Solschenizyn in Wladiwostok, 1994 Alexander Issajewitsch Solschenizyn (russisch Александр Исаевич Солженицын, wiss. Transliteration Aleksandr Isaevič Solženicyn [səɫʒɨ nʲitsɨn]; * 11. Dezember …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn — This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Isayevich and the family name is Solzhenitsyn. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn After returning to Russia from exile in 1994. Born Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn 11 December 1918( …   Wikipedia

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  • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn — en Vladivostok en 1994 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Solzhenitsyn — [sōl΄zhə nēt′sin] Aleksandr (Isayevich) 1918 ; Russ. writer, esp. of novels: in the U.S. 1976 94 …   English World dictionary