Silla


Silla
Kingdom of ancient Korea that in AD 668 consolidated other polities on the Korean peninsula under the Unified Silla dynasty (668–935).

Traditionally believed to have been founded by Hyŏkkŏse in 57 BC, Silla emerged as a full-fledged kingdom in the 6th century. In the reign of King Chinhŭng (540–576), a unique military corps, the hwarang (see Hwarangdo), was organized; allied with Tang-dynasty China, it defeated the Korean state of Paekche in 660 and Koguryŏ in 668, then expelled the Tang forces to create a unified and independent Korean state. It adopted a Chinese bureaucratic structure, but its aristocracy was never replaced by a bureaucratic class based on merit. Silla art before unification shows a tendency toward abstraction; postunification art reflects Tang naturalism.

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▪ ancient kingdom, Korea
      one of the three kingdoms of ancient Korea and the one that in 668 unified Korea under the Unified Silla Dynasty (q.v.; 668–935). Silla is traditionally believed to have been founded by Hyŏkkŏse in 57 BC. By the 2nd century AD, a distinct confederation of local tribes was definitely in existence in the southeastern portion of the Korean peninsula. With the establishment of the hereditary monarchy of the Kim family during the reign of King Naemul (356–402), the promulgation of state laws and decrees, and the annexation of the eastern half of the Kaya state on the eastern tip of the peninsula in the reign of King Pŏphŭng (514–540), Silla emerged as a full-fledged kingdom.

      Its aristocracy was endowed with various privileges, and the aristocrats monopolized all important official posts. The excavations of extravagant ornaments, such as gold crowns and gold belts, indicate the luxury in which they lived. Sculpture and the decorative arts showed a tendency toward abstraction. A Silla crown, for example, is designed in simple, angular lines unlike the curvilinear floral designs characteristic of Paekche openwork. Granite was a frequent medium for both architecture and sculpture. Old Silla pottery is unglazed, grayish stoneware with a texture almost like that of slate. Vessel forms have clean-cut, functional lines, and decorations are incised geometric patterns.

      Encouraged by the state, Buddhism flourished, and many temples were erected, the most prominent of which were the Hwangyong-sa, Pulguk-sa, and Sokkuram (a grotto shrine).

      In the reign of King Chinhŭng (540–576) a unique military corps, called the Hwarangdo, was organized, and the military system was realigned. In the following century this powerful military machine allied itself with the Chinese T'ang dynasty (618–907) and subjugated the southeastern Korean state of Paekche in 660 and the northern Korean state of Koguryŏ in 668. This was followed by almost a decade of fighting, in which Silla expelled the T'ang forces and established a unified kingdom in the Korean peninsula.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • silla — (Del lat. sella). 1. f. Asiento con respaldo, por lo general con cuatro patas, y en que solo cabe una persona. 2. silla de niño. 3. Aparejo para montar a caballo, formado por una armazón de madera, cubierta generalmente de cuero y rellena de crin …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • silla — sustantivo femenino 1. Asiento individual con respaldo: silla de madera, silla de mimbre, silla de plástico. Acerca una silla y siéntate. silla de tijera Silla plegable con un asiento generalmente de lona y patas cruzadas en aspa. silla plegable… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Silla [1] — Silla, 1) (a. Geogr.), Ort von ungewisser Lage, vielleicht unweit Jerusalem; dort wurde Joas, König von Juda, ermordet; 2) (n. Geogr.), Gebirgszug in der Provinz Caracas der südamerikanischen Republik Venezuela; 8000 F. hoch; 3) Stadt am Niger im …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silla [2] — Silla, das höchste Wesen der Grönländer, s. Grönländische Mythologie …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Silla — For other uses, see Silla (disambiguation). Silla 신라 新羅 ← …   Wikipedia

  • Silla — (Del lat. sella.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Asiento para una sola persona con respaldo y patas. 2 EQUITACIÓN Aparejo para montar a caballo, formado por un armazón de madera cubierto de cuero y relleno de crin o pelote. SINÓNIMO montura 3 RELIGIÓN… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Silla — Grabhügel eines Silla Königs in Gyeongju Koreanische Schreibweise koreanisches Alphabet: 신라 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Silla — Para otros usos de este término, véase Silla (desambiguación). Una simple silla. Una silla es un mueble cuya finalidad es servir de asiento a una sola persona. Suele tener cuatro patas, aunque puede haber de una, dos, tres o más. Pueden estar… …   Wikipedia Español

  • silla — s f I. 1 Mueble compuesto por una plataforma horizontal colocada a cierta altura del piso (50 cm aproximadamente) y provisto de un respaldo; por lo general tiene patas y a veces brazos; sirve para que se siente una persona: una silla de madera,… …   Español en México

  • Silla — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour les articles homophones, voir Sylla, Sila et Scylla. Silla désigne Silla, ou Shilla ou Sinra est un des royaumes historiques de Corée Silla,… …   Wikipédia en Français


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