Shōwa period


Shōwa period
(1926–89) Period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Hirohito, the Shōwa emperor.

The first decades of the period were marked by the rise of militarism in the 1930s and by Japan's disastrous participation in World War II, resulting in the country's complete collapse and ultimate surrender. The postwar era was one of rehabilitation, during which it joined the UN (1956), hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics, and held the Ōsaka World Exposition in 1970. Japan experienced a so-called "economic miracle," with annual growth averaging 10% in 1955–60 and higher in the years following. In the 1980s the Japanese economy became one of the world's largest and most sophisticated, with per capita income surpassing that of the U.S. Japanese society became increasingly urban, with one-tenth of the population living in Tokyo by mid-decade. U.S. influence on popular culture was strong, and young Japanese emulated their U.S. counterparts in numerous ways. Other societal changes during the Shōwa period included more people living in nuclear families than in extended families, love marriages rather than arranged marriages, fewer children per family, and more opportunities for women. See also Heisei period; Occupation (of Japan).

* * *

▪ Japanese history
      (1926–89), in Japanese history, the period comprising the reign of the emperor Hirohito. The first part of this period, from Hirohito's enthronement in 1926 to the end of World War II in 1945, is known as the early Shōwa period. The name Shōwa means “Bright Peace” in Japanese. The Shōwa period was preceded by the Taishō period (1912–26) and was followed by the Heisei period (1989– ), though none of these periods is widely used to designate the 20th-century history of Japan. The term Shōwa literature, however, does denote a distinct phase in Japanese literature from about 1924 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, which was particularly severe in Japan, is referred to as the Shōwa Depression there.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shōwa period — The nihongo|Shōwa period|昭和時代|Shōwa jidai|literally period of enlightened peace , or Shōwa era, is the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito), from December 25, 1926 to January 7, 1989. In his coronation …   Wikipedia

  • Showa period — n. Japanese literal meaning period of enlightened peace , era in Japan from 1926 to 1989 which was the longest rule of all Japanese emperors …   English contemporary dictionary

  • List of Japanese political figures in early Showa period — List of certain important political and civil figures during World War II:*Osachi Hamaguchi: Prime Minister *Tomeo Sagoya: the assassin of Prime Minister Osachi Hamaguchi. He was a member of Aikoku sha (Love of Country Association) *Reijiro… …   Wikipedia

  • Shōwa — is the name of several places, times, people and things in Japan.* Emperor Shōwa (1901 1989), 124th Emperor of Japan * Showa Corporation, a Japanese suspension and shock manufacturer, affiliated with the Honda keiretsu * Shōwa (album) by The… …   Wikipedia

  • Showa Station (Antarctica) — Showa Station (昭和基地 Shōwa Kichi ), also sometimes spelled Syowa [cite web|url=http://www.mindat.org/loc 53313.html|accessdate=2007 06 29|title=Showa Station (Syowa Station), East Ongul Island, Lützow Holm Bay, Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land) …   Wikipedia

  • Shōwa Modan — or Shōwa s modernness, is the culture of the compromise between Japanese and European styles that started at the beginning of the Shōwa period. Shōwa began after the Great Kanto Earthquake in Taishō period, its social condition was the times when …   Wikipedia

  • Shōwa Day — is a Japanese annual holiday held on April 29. It honours the birthday of Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito), the reigning Emperor before, during, and after World War II (from 1926 to 1989). The official purpose of the holiday is To reflect on Japan s… …   Wikipedia

  • period — /pear ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of illness; a period of great profitability for a company; a period of social… …   Universalium

  • Showa Steel Works — The nihongo|Shōwa Steel Works|昭和製鋼所|Shōwa Seitetsusho was a Japanese government sponsored steel mill that was one of the showpieces of the industrialization program for Manchukuo in the late 1930s. Shōwa Steel Works began as the Anshan Iron Steel …   Wikipedia

  • Shōwa era (daikaiju eiga) — In the terminology of daikaiju eiga (Japanese giant monster films) the Shōwa Era refers not to the actual reign of the Shōwa emperor but to all daikaiju eiga made between 1954 (Toho s original Godzilla and the beginning of daikaiju eiga) and 1980 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.