Shockley, William B(radford)

Shockley, William B(radford)
born Feb. 13, 1910, London, Eng.
died Aug. 12, 1989, Palo Alto, Calif., U.S.

U.S. engineer and teacher.

He received a Ph.D. from Harvard University. He joined Bell Labs in 1936, where he began experiments that led to the development of the transistor. During World War II he was director of research for the U.S. Navy's Antisubmarine Warfare Operations Research Group; later (1954–55) he was deputy director of the Defense Department's Weapons Systems Evaluation Group. He established the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory at Beckman Instruments in 1955. In 1956 he shared a Nobel Prize with John Bardeen and Walter H. Brattain for their work at Bell Labs on the transistor. He taught at Stanford University (1958–74). From the late 1960s he earned notoriety for his outspoken and critical views on the intellectual capacity of blacks.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Shockley, William B(radford) — (13 feb. 1910, Londres, Inglaterra–12 ago. 1989, Palo Alto, Cal., EE.UU.). Ingeniero y profesor estadounidense. Recibió su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Harvard. Ingresó a Laboratorios Bell en 1936, donde inició experimentos que lo condujeron a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bradford — ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en Inglaterra, condado metropolitano de West Yorkshire; 464 100 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Bradford, William Cannon, Walter B(radford) Shockley, William B(radford) Titchener, Edward Bradford …   Enciclopedia Universal

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