- Shimabara Rebellion
(1637–38) In Japanese history, last major uprising against Tokugawa rule until the 1860s.A large contingent of peasants, supported by rōnin (masterless samurai), rebelled in protest of heavy taxation. After initial success, the uprising was crushed, and an estimated 37,000 rebels were killed. Because many of the peasants were converts to Christianity, their rebellion strengthened government determination to isolate Japan from foreign influence and vigorously enforce its proscription of all Christian beliefs and activities.
* * *▪ Japanese history(1637–38), uprising of Japanese Roman Catholics, the failure of which virtually ended the Christian movement in 17th-century Japan and furthered government determination to isolate Japan from foreign influences.The revolt began as a result of dissatisfaction with the heavy taxation and abuses of local officials on the Shimabara Peninsula and the Amakusa-rettō Islands. Most of the peasants in the Shimabara vicinity had been converted to Catholicism by Portuguese and Spanish missionaries, and the rebellion soon took on Christian overtones. With the support of large numbers of rōnin, samurai whose lords had been dispossessed, the rebels fought so zealously that an army of 100,000 troops was unable to quell them, and the Japanese government had to call in a Dutch gunboat to blast the rebel stronghold. Following this incident the government vigorously enforced its proscription of all Christian beliefs and activities.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Shimabara Rebellion — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Shimabara Rebellion partof=the early Edo period caption=Ruins of Hara Castle date=Late 1637 Early 1638 place=Shimabara Peninsula, Japan casus=Peasants and masterless samurai rebelling against overtaxation and… … Wikipedia
Shimabara-Rebellion — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimabara-Halbinsel — Landsat Aufnahme der Shimabara Halbinsel Gewässer 1 Amakusa nada Gewässer 2 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimabara — can refer to any of the following:* Shimabara, Nagasaki, a city in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan * Shimabara Peninsula, the geographic feature that hosts Shimabara, Nagasaki * Shimabara Castle, in Shimabara, Nagasaki * Shimabara Rebellion (also… … Wikipedia
Shimabara Castle — (島原城; jō) is the castle of Shimabara, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. This five story white building stands in stark contrast to the black Kumamoto Castle in neighboring Kumamoto Prefecture. Construction was commenced on the castle in 1618 and… … Wikipedia
Shimabara Peninsula — (島原半島) is east of Nagasaki City, Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyūshū, Japan. On its north eastern tip stands Shimabara City. It was also the site of the Shimabara Rebellion. This 1637 1638 peasant revolt that occurred there and on the Amakusa islands was … Wikipedia
Shimabara Domain — The nihongo|Shimabara Domain|島原藩|Shimabara han| was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Hizen Province.HistoryAt the start of the Edo period, the Shimabara domain was ruled by the Arima clan; however, they were transferred to the… … Wikipedia
Shimabara, Nagasaki — Infobox City Japan Name= Shimabara JapaneseName= 島原市 Map Region= Kyūshū Prefecture= Nagasaki District= Area km2= 82.76 PopDate= April 30, 2007 Population= 50,381 Density km2= Coords= LatitudeDegrees= 32 LatitudeMinutes= 46 LatitudeSeconds=… … Wikipedia
Shimabara — ▪ Japan port city, Nagasaki ken (prefecture), Kyushu, Japan, on the eastern coast of the Shimabara Peninsula, some 40 miles (65 km) east of Nagasaki. The city, which was a castle town of the Matsudaira family, contains the ruins of the… … Universalium
rebellion — /ri bel yeuhn/, n. 1. open, organized, and armed resistance to one s government or ruler. 2. resistance to or defiance of any authority, control, or tradition. 3. the act of rebelling. [1300 50; ME rebellioun < OF < L rebellion (s. of rebellio),… … Universalium