- Shaker furniture
Furniture designed for the religious colonies of Shakers founded in the U.S. in the last quarter of the 18th century.The Shakers' designs reflected their beliefs that good craftsmanship was in itself an act of prayer and that form should follow function, an attitude that anticipated the concept of Functionalism a century later. Constructed of pine or other inexpensive wood, each item was fashioned solely to serve its intended use and was devoid of decoration. Interest in Shaker furniture and other Shaker crafts revived in the 20th century, after most Shaker colonies had dissolved, and imitations are now widely produced.
* * *furniture designed for the religious colonies of Shakers founded in America in the last quarter of the 18th century, characterized by austerity of decoration and truth to materials. Deeply dedicated to ideals of communal living and asceticism, the Shakers designed and constructed furniture that reflected their belief that to make a thing well was in itself an act of prayer and their conviction that the appearance of a thing should follow upon its function. Each item was fashioned solely to serve its intended use, and all superfluous decorations, such as inlays and moldings, were eliminated.Although their attitude toward design was based on religious beliefs, it anticipated in a remarkable way concepts of functionalism that became common about 100 years later. The austere Shaker chair, for example, was designed to be both sturdy and light in weight, so that it could be hung on pegs installed in the walls when a room was being cleaned or to provide a large unimpeded interior space for religious services. Working in an entirely American idiom free from the European influences that affected their more ambitious contemporaries, Shaker craftsmen produced domestic furniture, generally in pine or other inexpensive local wood, that was marked by originality of design no less than by severity of appearance. The Shaker movement declined during the second half of the 19th century, and many of the colonies were dissolved. In the early 20th century there was a marked revival of interest in Shaker furniture, outstanding examples of which are to be seen in the Fruitlands Museum, Harvard, Massachusetts, and in the Shaker Museum near Auburn, Kentucky.
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Shaker furniture — is a distinctive style of furniture developed by the United Society of Believers in Christ s Second Appearing (aka Shakers), a religious sect founded by Jane and James Wardley. They came to America from Manchester, England in 1774 led by Mother… … Wikipedia
shaker furniture — noun Usage: usually capitalized S : wooden furniture made in the United States in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the Shakers and characterized by simplicity and purity of design, sound construction, and complete practicality … Useful english dictionary
Shaker-Möbel — (englisch shaker furniture) sind Möbel, die von den Mitgliedern der Shaker, den Anhängern einer protestantischen Freikirche in den USA, vor allem im 19. Jahrhundert hergestellt wurden. Sie werden heute als eigenständiger und gewichtiger Beitrag… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shaker-Stil — Shaker Möbel (englisch shaker furniture) sind Möbel, die von den Mitgliedern der Shaker, den Anhängern einer protestantischen Freikirche in den USA, vor allem im 19. Jahrhundert hergestellt wurden. Sie werden heute als eigenständiger und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
shaker — /shay keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that shakes. 2. a container with a perforated top from which a seasoning, condiment, sugar, flour, or the like is shaken onto food. 3. any of various containers for shaking beverages to mix the ingredients: a … Universalium
furniture — furnitureless, adj. /ferr ni cheuhr/, n. 1. the movable articles, as tables, chairs, desks or cabinets, required for use or ornament in a house, office, or the like. 2. fittings, apparatus, or necessary accessories for something. 3. equipment for … Universalium
Shaker Heights — a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 34,759. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States city and southeastern residential suburb of Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, northeastern Ohio, U.S. It was planned and developed after 1905 by Oris P. and Mantis J. van… … Universalium
shaker — shak|er [ˈʃeıkə US ər] n 1.) a container with holes in the lid, used to shake salt, sugar etc onto food ▪ a salt shaker 2.) also cocktail shaker a container in which drinks are mixed 3.) Shaker a member of a US religious group who lived together… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Shaker — [[t]ʃe͟ɪkə(r)[/t]] Shakers 1) N COUNT A Shaker is a member of an American religious group whose members live in communities and have a very simple life. 2) ADJ: ADJ n Shaker furniture is usually made of wood and has a very simple design … English dictionary
Shaker — Shak|er [ ʃeıkər ] adjective designed in a simple practical style made popular by the Shakers: Shaker furniture … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English