- Seleucia on the Tigris
Ancient city, on the Tigris River, central Iraq.Founded by Seleucus I Nicator in the late 4th century BC as his eastern capital, it replaced Babylon as Mesopotamia's leading city. The population, which Pliny the Elder estimated at 600,000, was composed largely of Macedonians and Greeks and also included Jews and Syrians. During the Parthian domination of the Tigris-Euphrates valley that began in the 2nd century BC, it maintained its position and trade despite its Greek sympathies. In AD 165 the Romans burned the city, marking the end of Hellenism in Mesopotamia. See also Seleucid dynasty.
* * *▪ ancient city, IraqGreek Seleukeia,Hellenistic city founded by Seleucus I Nicator (reigned 312–281 BC) as his eastern capital; it replaced Babylon as Mesopotamia's leading city and was closely associated with the spread of Hellenistic culture in Mesopotamia. The city lay along the Tigris River about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of modern Baghdad. Seleucia was a cosmopolitan city whose population was composed largely of Macedonians and Greeks and also included Jews and Syrians. Pliny the Elder gives the population as 600,000. During the Parthian domination of the Tigris-Euphrates valley that began in the 2nd century BC, Seleucia continued to be the foremost city of the east in position and trade. Preserving its Greek sympathies, it was at times in open rebellion against the Parthian kings, who favoured the neighbouring city of Ctesiphon and founded Vologesias, or Vologesocerta, as a rival canal port. Seleucia eventually was burned by the Roman commander Gaius Avidius Cassius (Avidius Cassius, Gaius) in AD 165, at which time it is said to have had at least 300,000 inhabitants. The destruction of the city marks the end of Hellenism in Mesopotamia. The Roman emperor Septimius Severus, in his Parthian campaign of 197, found the site completely abandoned. Nothing of the city remains above ground; the excavation of the site (then called Tel Umar) during 1927–32 yielded interesting but unspectacular results.
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Seleucia (Sittacene) — Seleucia ndash; Greek: Σελεύκεια, also transliterated as Seleuceia, Seleukeia, Seleukheia; formerly Coche or Mahoza, also Veh Ardashir ndash; was an ancient city near the Euphrates river and across the Tigris from the better known Seleucia on the … Wikipedia
Seleucia — For the Syrian seaport of the same name that figures in the travels of Saint Paul, see Seleucia Pieria. Seleucia (Greek: Σελεύκεια) was one of the great cities of the world during Hellenistic and Roman times. It stood in Mesopotamia, on the west… … Wikipedia
Seleucia (disambiguation) — Seleucia was the first capital of the Seleucid Empire, and one of the great cities of antiquity standing in Mesopotamia, on the Tigris River. Seleucia may refer to: *Seleucia (Pamphylia), now at Bucakşeyhler, Antalya Province, Turkey *Seleucia… … Wikipedia
SELEUCIA — SELEUCIA, name of two cities. (1) City in Gaulanitis, S.E. of Lake Ḥuleh. Seleucia was among the numerous cities and fortresses captured by Alexander Yannai during his campaign in Transjordan. With the outbreak of the war against Rome (66 C.E.),… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Tigris and Euphrates — The two principal rivers of Mesopotamia, which defined the name of that region ( the Land Between the Rivers ). The Tigris, which the Sumerians called the Indi gra and the Persians the Tigr (or Tigra), rises in the mountains of eastern Turkey… … Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary
Seleucia — [sə lo͞o′shē ə, sə lo͞o′shə] any of several ancient cities of SW Asia, founded by Seleucus I; esp., the chief city of the Seleucid Empire, on the Tigris … English World dictionary
Tigris — For other uses, see Tigris (disambiguation). Tigris River About 100 km from its source, the Tigris enables rich agricultu … Wikipedia
Seleucia — geographical name 1. (or Seleucia Tracheotis) ancient city SE Asia Minor in Cilicia SW of Tarsus 2. ancient city, chief city of the Seleucid Empire; ruins now in Iraq on the Tigris SSE of Baghdad 3. (or Seleucia Pieria) ancient city Asia Minor N… … New Collegiate Dictionary
Seleucia — /si looh sheuh/, n. 1. an ancient city in Iraq, on the Tigris River: capital of the Seleucid empire. 2. an ancient city in Asia Minor, near the mouth of the Orontes River: the port of Antioch. * * * … Universalium
Seleucia — Se•leu•cia [[t]sɪˈlu ʃə[/t]] n. 1) anh geg an ancient city in Iraq, on the Tigris River: capital of the Seleucid empire 2) anh geg an ancient city in Asia Minor, near the mouth of the Orontes River: the port of Antioch … From formal English to slang