Sarazen, Gene

Sarazen, Gene
orig. Eugene Saraceni

born Feb. 27, 1902, Harrison, N.Y., U.S.
died May 13, 1999, Naples, Fla.

U.S. golfer, prominent in the 1920s and '30s.

Born to a poor Italian immigrant family, Sarazen began caddying when he was eight. He became a professional golfer in 1920. Sarazen was the first to win the four tournaments that comprise golf's grand slam in modern times. Sarazen won the U.S. Open (1922, 1932), the British Open (1932), and the PGA Championship (1922–23, 1933) and completed the grand slam with his Masters victory in 1935. That Masters victory was highlighted by his famous double eagle, two strokes (three under par) on the par-five 15th hole.

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▪ American golfer
byname of  Eugene Saraceni 
born February 27, 1902, Harrison, New York, U.S.
died May 13, 1999, Naples, Florida
 prominent American professional golfer of the 1920s and '30s. His double eagle—i.e., his score of three strokes under par—on the par-five 15th hole in the last round of the 1935 Masters Tournament is one of the most famous shots in the history of the game.

      Born to impoverished Italian immigrants, Sarazen began caddying when he was eight. He won the U.S. Open (United States Open Championship) in 1922 and in 1932, also winning the British Open in 1932. He won the Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) championship three times (1922, 1923, 1933) and the Masters Tournament in 1935. With that victory at the Masters, he became the first player to achieve a career Grand Slam in golf (that is, winning both the U.S. and British Open, the PGA championship, and the Masters Tournament during one's career, a feat only Jack Nicklaus (Nicklaus, Jack), Ben Hogan (Hogan, Ben), Gary Player (Player, Gary), and Tiger Woods (Woods, Tiger) have since achieved). Sarazen also played on six consecutive Ryder Cup teams.

      It was Sarazen who invented the golf club known as the sand wedge. This specialized club allows golfers to more easily hit out of sand traps (bunkers). The introduction of the sand wedge to the game lowered scores and eventually led to the redesign of many golf courses in order to keep them at their previous level of difficulty.

      After retiring from active competition in 1973, Sarazen worked to promote the game of golf and wrote numerous books on the subject. His autobiography, Thirty Years of Championship Golf, was published in 1950.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sarazen, Gene — orig. Eugene Saraceni (27 feb. 1902, Harrison, N.Y., EE.UU.–13 may. 1999, Naples, Fla.). Golfista estadounidense que destacó en las décadas de 1920 y 1930. Nacido en el seno de una familia pobre de inmigrantes italianos, empezó a trabajar de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sarazen,Gene — Sar·a·zen (sârʹə zən), Gene. 1902 1999. American golfer who won the Masters, the British Open, two U.S. Opens, and three PGA championships between 1922 and 1935. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sarazen — Gene Sarazen Personalia Voller Name Eugenio Saraceni Geburtsdatum 27. Februar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gene Sarazen — Personalia Voller Name Eugenio Saraceni Geburtsdatum 27. Februar 1902 Geburtsort Harrison, New York Größe 1,66 m …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gene Sarazen — (nacido como Eugenio Saraceni el 27 de febrero de 1902 en Harrison, Nueva York † 31 de mayo de 1999 en Naples, Florida) fue un legendario golfista profesional estadounidense, uno de los pocos que logró ganar los cuatro …   Wikipedia Español

  • gene — /jeen/, n. the basic physical unit of heredity; a linear sequence of nucleotides along a segment of DNA that provides the coded instructions for synthesis of RNA, which, when translated into protein, leads to the expression of hereditary… …   Universalium

  • Gene — /jeen/, n. a male given name, form of Eugene. * * * I Unit of heredity that occupies a fixed position on a chromosome. Genes achieve their effects by directing protein synthesis. They are composed of DNA, except in some viruses that contain RNA… …   Universalium

  • gene — ► sustantivo masculino BIOQUÍMICA Gen, elemento de un cromosona. * * * gene m. Biol. Gen. * * * ► masculino BIOLOGÍA Gen. * * * (as used in expressions) Hackman, Gene Kelly, Gene Krupa, Gene …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gene Sarazen — (de son nom de naissance Eugène Saraceni) (né le 27 février 1902 – décédé le 13 mai 1999) fait partie des cinq golfeurs (avec Ben Hogan, Jack Nicklaus, Gary Player et Tiger Woods) à avoir remporté tous les championnats majeurs au cours de sa… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gene Sarazen — NYF = Tournament not yet founded NT = No tournament DNP = Did not play WD = Withdrew CUT = missed the half way cut R64, R32, R16, QF, SF, F = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play T indicates a tie for a place Green background …   Wikipedia

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