- Sansovino, Jacopo
orig. Jacopo Tattiborn July 2, 1486, Florence, Republic of Florencedied Nov. 27, 1570, Venice, Republic of VeniceItalian sculptor and architect.He trained in Florence under Andrea Sansovino, whose name he adopted. In 1505–06 he moved to Rome to study architecture and work on the restoration of ancient sculpture. After the sack of Rome in 1527 he fled to Venice, where he was appointed state architect (1529). His Library of St. Mark's (begun 1537) is one of the major architectural works of the 16th century. His vivid sculptures were often important decorative elements of his buildings. His best-known statues are the colossal figures of Mars and Neptune on the staircase of the Doges' Palace (1554–66). He was more successful than any other Renaissance architect in fusing architecture and sculpture.
* * *▪ Italian sculptororiginal name Jacopo Tattibaptized July 2, 1486, Florencedied Nov. 27, 1570, Venicesculptor and architect (Western architecture) who introduced the style of the High Renaissance into Venice. In 1502 he entered the Florence workshop of the sculptor Andrea Sansovino (Sansovino, Andrea) and, as a sign of admiration, adopted his master's name. In 1505 he accompanied the Florentine architect Giuliano da Sangallo to Rome, studying ancient architecture and sculpture while employed by Pope Julius II (Julius II) in the restoration of ancient statues. Back in Florence he carved the statue St. James the Elder (1511–18; Santa Maria del Fiore) and the Bacchus (c. 1514).From 1518 Jacopo worked in Rome, first on the Madonna del Parto (c. 1519), which shows the continuing influence of Andrea Sansovino, and on the St. James (1520).After the sack of Rome in 1527, Sansovino fled to Venice, where he was made protoma gister (supervising architect) of the cathedral. He became a friend of the painter Titian and the author Pietro Aretino (Aretino, Pietro) and was appointed chief architect of the city, a position he held until his death. His first Venetian building was the Palazzo Corner della Ca' Grande (1533), in which he retained the rusticated base and trabeated second story (piano nobile) of the Roman palaces of Donato Bramante (Bramante, Donato) and Raphael. But Sansovino added a third story and altered the proportions of each story in order to conform more closely to Venetian traditions of palace design.Sansovino planned a transformation of St. Mark's Square into a unified arrangement of interrelated structures. Although his plan was incomplete at the time of his death, his influence on the urban landscape endured. His Zecca (Mint) dates from 1536 and is notable for the imaginative rustication of its columns and wall surfaces, which give the building an appropriately fortified appearance. The Library of St. Mark's (also called the Old Library), one of the major architectural works of the 16th century, was begun the same year. The small but richly decorated Loggetta, also begun in the mid-1530s, was the first of the three to be completed (1542).Sansovino's early Venetian bronzes, such as the statuettes of the Evangelists and the doors of the sacristy in St. Mark's (1540s), recall the easy grace of his Roman and Florentine works but show a new independence and maturity of conception. His marble statue of the youthful St. John the Baptist (1554) in Santa Maria dei Frari shows the transition from his mature style to that of his old age.Among the works showing his severe late style are the bronze portrait of Tommaso Rangone over the entrance to the Church of San Giuliano (1554), which Sansovino also designed; the colossal statues of Mars and Neptune (1554–56); and the monument to the doge Francesco Venier in the Church of San Salvatore (1556–61).Many of Sansovino's most important works are decorative elements of his architecture, and he was perhaps more successful than any other Renaissance architect in fusing architecture and sculpture. He remained an advocate of the balance and restraint of the High Renaissance style even while Mannerism was becoming the dominant artistic trend in Italy.
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Sansovino, Jacopo — (Jacopo Tatti; 1486 1570) Florentine architect and sculptor who trained with Andrea Sansovino from whom he adopted his surname. He traveled to Rome in 1505 or 1506 where he entered Donato Bramante s circle. For the next two decades he split… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
SANSOVINO, Jacopo — (1486 1570) A Florentine architect and sculptor, Jacopo Sansovino orchestrated the architectural renewal of the political center of Venice, helping to modernize the city and bring it into the High Renaissance. In Florence, Italy, Jacopo Tatti… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
SANSOVINO, Jacopo — (1486 1570) Jacopo Sansovino is credited with introducing to Venice the classical architecture that was devel oped further in the next generation by the famous Venetian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio. Jacopo Sansovino was born in… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Sansovino, Jacopo — (1486 1570) Florentine architect and sculptor, born Jacopo Tatti. He was a pupil of Andrea Sansovino, whose surname he took when he followed his master to Rome in 1505. His early career was in Rome, but after the Sack of Rome by the imperial… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Sansovino, Jacopo — orig. Jacopo Tatti (2 jul. 1486, Florencia, República de Florencia–27 nov. 1570, Venecia, República de Venecia). Escultor y arquitecto italiano. Se formó en Florencia como discípulo de Andrea Sansovino, cuyo apellido adoptó. Entre 1505 y 1506, se … Enciclopedia Universal
Sansovino, Jacopo — soprannome di Tatti, Jacopo … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Sansovino, Jacopo Tatti, llamado el — ► (1486 1570) Escultor italiano, que debe su sobrenombre al hecho de haber sido el discípulo de Andrea. Refugiado en Venecia para evitar la persecución de las tropas de Carlos V, dejó en dicha ciudad los frutos más representativos de su talento… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jacopo Sansovino — par le Tintoret Nom de naissance Jacopo Tatti Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Jacopo Tatti — Jacopo Sansovino Jacopo Sansovino par le Tintoret … Wikipédia en Français
SANSOVINO (1486-1570) — SANSOVINO JACOPO TATTI dit (1486 1570) Architecte et sculpteur qui devait prendre le surnom de son maître Sansovino, Jacopo Tatti joue un rôle particulièrement important dans le développement de l’art vénitien. Florentin de naissance, il entre… … Encyclopédie Universelle