- San Stefano, Treaty of
(1878) Peace settlement imposed on the Ottoman government by Russia at the end of the Russo-Turkish War.It established an independent Bulgarian principality that included most of Macedonia, realigned other European provinces of the Ottoman Empire, and ceded parts of Asian Turkey to Russia. Opposed by Austria-Hungary and Britain, it was modified at the Congress of Berlin.
* * *▪ Russia-Turkey (March 3 [Feb. 19, Old Style], 1878), peace settlement imposed on the Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) government by Russia at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War (Russo-Turkish wars) of 1877–78; it provided for a new disposition of the European provinces of the Ottoman Empire that would have ended any effective Turkish control over the Balkans if its provisions had not later been modified. Its most important provision established an independent Bulgarian principality, which included most of Macedonia and extended to the Danube and from the Aegean to the Black Sea. The independence of Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania was recognized. The boundaries of Serbia and Montenegro were extended so as to be contiguous, while Romania was compelled to cede southern Bessarabia to Russia, receiving the Dobrudja (Dobruja) from Turkey in exchange. Bosnia-Hercegovina was to be autonomous. Parts of Asiatic Turkey were ceded to Russia, and the Ottoman sultan gave guarantees for the security of his Christian subjects.The treaty was opposed by Austria-Hungary, which disliked encouragement of Slav nationalism, and by the British, who feared the new Bulgarian state would become a Russian satellite and, as such, a threat to Istanbul as well as to Russian influence in the eastern Mediterranean. The treaty was modified by the terms of the Treaty of Berlin (Berlin, Congress of), which was signed four months later on July 13.
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San Stefano, Treaty of — (1878) Signed on March 3, 1878, the Treaty of San Stefano concluded the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire that had begun the previous year. Negotiated by the Russian ambassador at Constantinople, it was very favorable to the Russians,… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
San Stefano (disambiguation) — San Stefano can refer to: *Yeşilköy, a part of the Bakırköy district of Istanbul, Turkey *San Stefano Grand Plaza, a structural complex in Alexandria, Egypt *Santo Stefano Rotondo, an ancient basilica church in Rome *Treaty of San Stefano, a… … Wikipedia
San Stefano — [sän ste′fä nō̂΄] village in European Turkey: site of the signing of a peace treaty (1878) between Russia & Turkey at the end of the Russo Turkish War … English World dictionary
Treaty of San Stefano — The Preliminary Treaty of San Stefano was a treaty between Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed at the end of the Russo Turkish War, 1877–78. It was signed on March 3, 1878 at San Stefano (Greek: Αγιος Στέφανος, Agios Stefanos , now Yeşilköy), a… … Wikipedia
San Stefano — /sæn stəˈfanoʊ/ (say san stuh fahnoh) noun a village in Turkey, near Istanbul; treaty between Russia and Turkey, 1878. Turkish, Yeşilköy … Australian English dictionary
San Stefano — /sahn ste fah naw / the former name of Yesilkoy, a town in Turkey, near Istanbul: treaty between Russia and Turkey 1878. * * * … Universalium
SAN STEFANO — a Turkish village, a few miles W. of Constantinople, where a preliminary treaty was signed between Turkey and Russia after the war of 1877 78 … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
San Stefano — /sahn ste fah naw / the former name of Yesilkoy, a town in Turkey, near Istanbul: treaty between Russia and Turkey 1878 … Useful english dictionary
Traite de San Stefano — Traité de San Stefano Le traité fut signé dans cette maison appartenant à la famille Simeonoglou, à Yeşilköy … Wikipédia en Français
Traité de San Stefano — Le traité fut signé dans cette maison appartenant à la famille Simeonoglou, à Yeşilköy … Wikipédia en Français