Röhm, Ernst


Röhm, Ernst
born Nov. 28, 1887, Munich, Ger.
died July 1, 1934, Munich-Stadelheim

German leader of the SA.

He rose to the rank of major in World War I. Soon thereafter, he helped found the Nazi Party. A supporter of Adolf Hitler, he offered Hitler the use of his private strong-arm force (later the SA). After brief imprisonment for his part in the Beer Hall Putsch (1923), Röhm went to Bolivia as a military instructor (1925–30), but he was recalled by Hitler to reorganize and command the SA. Röhm's ambition that the SA supplant or absorb the regular army came to be opposed by Hitler and his advisers. On the pretext that he and the SA were preparing to overthrow Hitler, Röhm was murdered during the Night of the Long Knives.

Röhm, 1933.

Heinrich Hoffmann, Munich

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▪ German army officer
Röhm also spelled  Roehm 
born November 28, 1887, Munich, Germany
died July 1, 1934, Munich-Stadelheim

      German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf)'s storm troops (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts). Feared as a rival by Hitler, he was murdered at the Führer's order.

      A soldier from 1906, Röhm was wounded three times in World War I, during which he attained the rank of major. After the war he helped to found, before Hitler, the Nazi Party. Röhm helped Hitler win the support of the army in Bavaria and made available to him his private strong-arm force, which, in October 1921, became the Sturmabteilung. For his part in the Beer Hall Putsch of November 8–9, 1923, in Munich, Röhm was briefly imprisoned.

      Röhm wanted the SA to absorb or supplant the Reichswehr (regular army) and to secure equality with the Nazi Party, contrary to Hitler's wishes. In 1925 Röhm went to Bolivia, returning late in 1930 at Hitler's request to reorganize the SA. After Hitler became chancellor in 1933, he temporized by including Röhm in his cabinet but then subordinated the SA to the party and the army. Persuaded by Hermann Göring (Göring, Hermann) and Heinrich Himmler (Himmler, Heinrich), Hitler finally decided to purge the SA chief. Röhm was taken by Hitler personally from a hotel near Munich on the pretext that he and the SA were preparing a putsch. Röhm was shot without trial the next day.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rohm, Ernst — (1887 1934)    soldier; influential leader of the SA.* Born in Munich to a railway official, he was raised in a monarchist milieu before de ciding upon a military career in 1906. Assigned to Bavaria s* Regiment Konig Ludwig, he served on the… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Röhm, Ernst — (28 nov. 1887, Munich, Alemania–1 jul. 1934, Munich Stadelheim). Dirigente alemán de las SA (secciones de asalto). Ascendió al rango de mayor en la primera guerra mundial. Poco después, ayudó a fundar el Partido Nazi. Partidario de Adolf Hitler,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernst Röhm — Ernst Julius Günther Röhm (* 28. November 1887 in München; † 1. Juli 1934 in München Stadelheim) war ein deutscher Offizier, Politiker (NSDAP) und Kampfbundführer. Röhm war langjähriger Führer der Sturmabteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernst Rohm — Ernst Röhm Ernst Röhm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ernst Roehm — Ernst Röhm Ernst Röhm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Röhm — Ernst Röhm Ernst Röhm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • RÖHM (E.) — RÖHM ERNST (1887 1934) Bavarois, officier de métier, plusieurs fois blessé pendant la Première Guerre mondiale (mutilé de la face), esprit politique pénétrant et remarquable organisateur, Ernst Röhm sert en 1919 dans le corps franc de von Epp… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ernst (Name) — Ernst ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Träger des Vornamens // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Röhm — Röhm,   Ernst Julius, * München 28. 11. 1887, ✝ (ermordet) ebenda 1. 7. 1934; Reichswehroffizier (bis 1923), als Stabsoffizier im Freikorps Epp an der Niederschlagung der Münchener Räterepublik beteiligt; baute Kontakte zu rechtsradikalen Kreisen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ernst — Ernst, Max Ernst, Richard Robert * * * (as used in expressions) Ackermann, Konrad Ernst Alexanderson, Ernst F(rederik) W(erner) Arndt, Ernst Moritz Baer, Karl Ernst, caballero de Barlach, Ernst Bergman, (Ernst) Ingmar Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm …   Enciclopedia Universal


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