Rye House Plot


Rye House Plot
(1683) In English history, an alleged Whig conspiracy to assassinate Charles II because of his pro-Catholic policies.

The plot drew its name from Rye House at Hoddeston, Hertfordshire, near the road where Charles was supposed to be killed as he traveled from a horse meet. The king's unexpected early departure supposedly foiled the plot, which was later revealed by an informer. The facts remained cloudy, but the main plotters included the duke of Monmouth, William, Lord Russell, Algernon Sidney (1622–1683), and Sir Thomas Armstrong. The last three were tried, convicted of treason, and beheaded.

* * *

▪ English history
      (1683), alleged Whig conspiracy to assassinate or mount an insurrection against Charles II of England because of his pro-Roman Catholic policies. The plot drew its name from Rye House at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire, near which ran a narrow road where Charles was supposed to be killed as he traveled from a horse meet at Newmarket. By chance, according to the official narrative, the king's unexpectedly early departure in March foiled the plot. Ten weeks later, on June 1, an informer's allegations prompted a government investigation.

      The facts remain cloudy, but the named figures in the plot included James Scott, Duke of Monmouth (Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of, Duke Of Buccleuch, Earl Of Doncaster, Earl Of Dalkeith, Baron Scott Of Tindale, Lord Scott Of Whitchester And Eskdale); Arthur Capel, Earl of Essex (Essex, Arthur Capel, 1st earl of, Viscount Malden, Baron Capel Of Hadham); Lord William Russell (Russell, William Russell, Lord); Algernon Sidney (Sidney, Algernon); Sir Thomas Armstrong; Robert Ferguson; (Ferguson, Robert) and Lord William Howard. All had allegedly met at the house of one Sheppard, a London wine merchant, and at their own houses and discussed various means of ridding the country of Charles II or denying the succession to his openly Roman Catholic brother, the future James II. The Rye House assassination was but one of the schemes discussed. After the plot's exposure, Essex was arrested and died in the Tower of London, probably a suicide; Russell, Sidney, and Armstrong were tried, convicted of treason, and beheaded; the other figures escaped punishment.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rye House Plot — The Rye House Plot of 1683 was a plan to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother (and heir to the throne) James, Duke of York. Historians vary in their assessment of the degree to which details of the conspiracy were… …   Wikipedia

  • RYE HOUSE PLOT —    an abortive conspiracy in 1683 to assassinate Charles II. of England and his brother James, Duke of York, planned by Colonel Rumsey, Lieutenant Colonel Walcot, the plotter Ferguson, and other reckless adherents of the Whig party. The… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Rye House — may refer to: *Rye House, a Registered Historic Place in Litchfield, Connecticut *Rye House Kart Circuit, karting circuit in Rye House, Hertfordshire, England *Rye House Plot, a plot to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother,… …   Wikipedia

  • Rye-House-Verschwörung — Rye House um 1823 Die Rye House Verschwörung, englisch „Rye House Plot“, war eine gescheiterte Verschwörung im Jahre 1683 mit dem Ziel, König Karl II. von England und seinen Bruder und Thronfolger Jakob, Herzog von York, wegen ihrer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rye-House-Verschwörung —   [ raɪhaʊs ], englisch Rye House Plot [ plɔt], angeblich von den Whigs angezettelte Verschwörung (1683) gegen König Karl II. von England wegen dessen prokathischen Politik, benannt nach einem Rye House genannten Gebäude in Hoddesdon (bei… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rye House — (spr. rai haus, »Kornspeicher«), Vergnügungsort der Londoner, mit Hotel, 30 km nördlich von der Stadt, am fischreichen Lea, mit Resten eines alten Turmes, in dem sich 1683 die Verschwörer versammelt haben sollen, deren Absicht es war, Karl II.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Plot — Plot, n. [Abbrev. from complot.] 1. Any scheme, stratagem, secret design, or plan, of a complicated nature, adapted to the accomplishment of some purpose, usually a treacherous and mischievous one; a conspiracy; an intrigue; as, the Rye house… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plot — plotful, adj. plotless, adj. plotlessness, n. /plot/, n., v., plotted, plotting. n. 1. a secret plan or scheme to accomplish some purpose, esp. a hostile, unlawful, or evil purpose: a plot to overthrow the government. 2. Also called storyline.… …   Universalium

  • house — n., adj. /hows/; v. /howz/, n., pl. houses /how ziz/, v., housed, housing, adj. n. 1. a building in which people live; residence for human beings. 2. a household. 3. (often cap.) a family, including ancestors and descendants: the great houses of… …   Universalium

  • House — /hows/, n. Edward Mandell /man dl/, ( Colonel House ), 1858 1938, U.S. diplomat. * * * (as used in expressions) House of Building Appomattox Court House Babenberg House of Bourbon House of Burgesses House of Commons House of house cat Guise house …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.