Rossellino, Bernardo


Rossellino, Bernardo
born 1409, Settignano, Republic of Florence
died Sept. 23, 1464, Florence

Italian architect and sculptor.

Influenced by Donatello, Filippo Brunelleschi, and Luca Della Robbia, he developed a moderately Classical style. His tomb for Leonardo Bruni (1444–50) in Santa Croce, Florence, was one of the greatest achievements of early Renaissance sculpture and inaugurated a new type of sepulchral monument. Its fine balance between sculpture and architecture, figure and decoration, made it the prototypical niche tomb of its time. He also designed the apse of St. Peter's Basilica and the cathedral and Piccolomini Palace in Pienza (1460–64). He presumably trained his brother Antonio (1427–79), who regularly assisted him.

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▪ Italian sculptor
born c. 1409, Settignano, Republic of Florence [Italy]
died Sept. 23, 1464, Florence
 influential early Italian Renaissance architect and sculptor.

      Rossellino was trained by Filippo Brunelleschi (Brunelleschi, Filippo) and was influenced by Luca della Robbia (Della Robbia, Luca) and Lorenzo Ghiberti (Ghiberti, Lorenzo). His style exhibited a moderate classicism, as observed in an early tabernacle (1449, Sant'Egidio, Florence). Rossellino's masterpiece, the tomb of Leonardo Bruni (Bruni, Leonardo) (1444–50) in Santa Croce, Florence, was executed for that eminent chancellor and inaugurated a new type of sepulchral monument that ranks with the greatest achievements of early Renaissance sculpture. The work, establishing a fine balance between sculpture and architecture, figure and decoration, became the prototypical wall monument of its time. Other significant works include the tomb of Orlando de' Medici (1456–57) in Santissima Annunziata, Florence, and the Tomb of the Blessed Villana delle Botte (1451–52) in Santa Maria Novella, Florence.

      As an architect, Rossellino worked for Pope Nicholas V (Nicholas V), who employed him (1451–53) on the building of St. Peter's (Saint Peter's Basilica) in Rome, for which he designed the apse, and for Pope Pius II (Pius II). From his uncompleted reconstruction of Pienza, the pope's native city (renamed from Corsignano), the cathedral and the Piccolomini Palace (1460–63) are two of his most celebrated works. Although the extent of Rossellino's contribution to the project's design has not been fully determined, he was closely associated with this monument of Renaissance urban planning.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rossellino, Bernardo — (1409 1464)    Italian sculptor and architect who came from a family of artists from Settignano. As sculptor, Bernardo s most important commission was the Tomb of Leonardo Bruni (c. 1445) in the Church of Santa Croce, Florence, a work that set… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Rossellino, Bernardo — soprannome di Gamberelli, Bernardo …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Rossellino, Bernardo — (1409 1464)    Tuscan sculptor and ar chitect, active mainly in Florence, Siena, and other Tuscan cities but also able to attract commissions from popes Nicholas V and Pius II.    His most famous work as a sculptor is the tomb he executed for the …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Rossellino, Bernardo — (1409, Settignano, República de Florencia–23 sep. 1464, Florencia). Arquitecto y escultor italiano. Influenciado por Donatello, Filippo Brunelleschi y Luca Della Robbia desarrolló un estilo moderadamente clásico. Su tumba para Leonardo Bruni (n.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rossellino (famille) — Rossellino  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même patronyme. Les Gamberelli sont une famille d artistes italiens de Florence, tous sculpteurs ou tailleurs de pierre, consacrés sous le nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rossellino, Antonio — ▪ Italian sculptor born 1427, Settignano, Florence [Italy] died c. 1479, republic of Florence  notable and prolific Italian Renaissance sculptor who was the youngest brother of the architect and sculptor Bernardo Rossellino (Rossellino, Bernardo) …   Universalium

  • Rossellino —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Les Gamberelli sont une famille d artistes italiens de Florence, tous sculpteurs ou tailleurs de pierre, consacrés sous le nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernardo — ► adjetivo/ sustantivo RELIGIÓN Se aplica al religioso o a la religiosa que pertenece a la orden del Císter. * * * Bernardo V. «la espada de Bernardo». * * * bernardo, da. adj. Se dice del monje o de la monja de la Orden del Císter, fundada por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bernardo — ► adjetivo/ sustantivo RELIGIÓN Se aplica al religioso o a la religiosa que pertenece a la orden del Císter. * * * Bernardo V. «la espada de Bernardo». * * * bernardo, da. adj. Se dice del monje o de la monja de la Orden del Císter, fundada por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernardo — (as used in expressions) Bellotto Bernardo Bertolucci Bernardo Daddi Bernardo O Higgins Bernardo Rossellino Bernardo * * * …   Universalium


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