Rosa, Salvator


Rosa, Salvator
born June 20, 1615, Arenella, Sicily, Spanish Habsburg
died March 15, 1673, Rome, Papal States

Italian painter and etcher.

He studied in Naples, where he came under the influence of José de Ribera, but most of his career was spent in Rome, with an interlude in Florence under the patronage of a Medici cardinal. His landscapes, marine paintings, and battle scenes are known for their picturesquely wild, romantic qualities. A flamboyant personality, he was also an accomplished poet, satirist, actor, and musician.

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▪ Italian painter
born June 20, 1615, Arenella, Sicily, Spanish Habsburg domain [now in Italy]
died March 15, 1673, Rome, Papal States [Italy]

      Italian Baroque painter and etcher of the Neapolitan school remembered for his wildly romantic or “sublime” landscapes, marine paintings, and battle pictures. He was also an accomplished poet, satirist, actor, and musician.

      Rosa studied painting in Naples, coming under the influence of the Spanish painter and engraver José de Ribera (Ribera, José de). Rosa went to Rome in 1635 to study, but he soon contracted malaria. He returned to Naples, where he painted numerous battle and marine pictures and developed his peculiar style of landscape—picturesquely wild scenes of nature with shepherds, seamen, soldiers, or bandits—the whole infused with a romantic poetic quality.

      His reputation as a painter preceded his return to Rome in 1639. Already famous as an artist, he also became a popular comic actor. During the Carnival of 1639 he rashly satirized the famous architect and sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Bernini, Gian Lorenzo), thereby making a powerful enemy. For some years thereafter the environment of Florence was more comfortable for him than that of Rome. In Florence he enjoyed the patronage of Cardinal Giovanni Carlo de' Medici. Rosa's own house became the centre of a literary, musical, and artistic circle called the Accademia dei Percossi; here also Rosa's flamboyant personality found expression in acting. In 1649 he returned and finally settled in Rome. Rosa, who had regarded his landscapes more as recreation than as serious art, now turned largely to religious and historical painting. In 1660 he began etching and completed a number of successful prints. His satires were posthumously published in 1710.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rosa, Salvator — Rosa, Salvator, der eigentliche Maler des Grauenvollen, dessen schauerlich wilde Landschaften meist von sehr charakteristisch und anziehend gehaltenen Banditengruppen, unter denen er selbst seine Jugend zugebracht haben soll, belebt sind, sonst… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Rosa, Salvator — (20 jun. 1615, Arenella, Sicilia, Habsburgo bajo dominio español–15 mar. 1673, Roma, Estados Pontificios). Pintor y aguafuertista italiano. Estudió en Nápoles, donde recibió la influencia de José de Ribera, aunque, la mayor parte de su carrera… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROSA, SALVATOR —    Italian painter, born near Naples, a man of versatile ability; could write verse and compose music, as well as paint and engrave; his paintings of landscape were of a sombre character, and generally representative of wild and savage scenes; he …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Salvator Rosa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Autorretrato de Salvator Rosa, 1640. «O cállate o di algo mejor que el silencio», dice la inscripción; National Gallery de Londres. Salvator (o Salvatore) Rosa (Nápoles, 20 de junio de 1615 – …   Wikipedia Español

  • ROSA (S.) — ROSA SALVATOR (1615 1673) Peintre napolitain, qui fut aussi graveur, musicien et poète. Salvator Rosa fit l’essentiel de sa carrière à Rome. Personnalité originale, instable et tourmentée, il connut un grand succès en peignant «des petites… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rosa [4] — Rosa, Salvator, genannt Salvatoriello, ital. Maler, Radierer, satir. Dichter und Tonkünstler, geb. 20. Juni 1615 zu Arenella bei Neapel, gest. 15. März 1673 zu Rom; bes. Schlachtenbilder, romantisch phantastische Landschaften, auch Bildnisse. –… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rosa — Rosa, Salvator, genannt Salvatoriello, geb. 1605 zu Renella im Neapolitanischen, gest. 1673 zu Rom, berühmter Maler, namentlich ausgezeichneter Landschaftsmaler durch Composition u. Colorit, mit einer Vorliebe für Wildnisse, die er mit Räuber ,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Rosa — It. /rddaw zah/; Eng. /roh zeuh/, n. 1. Salvator /sahl vah tawrdd /, 1615 73, Italian painter and poet. 2. Monte It. /mawn te/; Eng. /mon tee/, a mountain between Switzerland and Italy, in the Pennine Alps: second highest peak of the Alps. 15,217 …   Universalium

  • Rosa — (Del lat. rosa.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 BOTÁNICA Flor del rosal con muchos pétalos y aromática: ■ le regaló un ramo de rosas rojas. ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino 2 Se aplica al color que se obtiene de la mezcla de blanco y rojo: ■ el rosa es… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salvator Rosa — (1615 March 15, 1673) was an Italian Baroque painter, poet and printmaker, active in Naples, Rome and Florence. As a painter, he is best known as an unorthodox and extravagant and a perpetual rebel [ Wittkower, p. 325] proto Romantic. His life… …   Wikipedia


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