Rohmer, Eric

Rohmer, Eric
orig. Jean-Marie-Maurice Scherer

born April 4, 1920, Nancy, France

French film director.

After working as a schoolteacher, he became a founding editor of La Gazette du Cinéma in 1950 and later editor of the influential New Wave periodical Cahiers du Cinéma (1957–63). After directing several short films, he made a series of contes moraux ("moral tales") that included the successful films My Night at Maud's (1968), Claire's Knee (1970), and Chloe in the Afternoon (1972), sensitively observed studies of romantic love. His later films include The Marquise of O (1976), Full Moon in Paris (1984), and Autumn Tale (1999).

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▪ French director
original name  Jean-Marie-Maurice Scherer  
born April 4, 1920, Nancy, France

      French motion-picture director and writer noted for his sensitively observed studies of romantic passion.

      Rohmer, who first earned an advanced degree in history and taught school for a short time, began his writing career in the mid-1940s. After moving to Paris, he started to write film criticism for French periodicals. He was a founding editor of La Gazette du cinéma in 1950, along with François Truffaut (Truffaut, François), Jean-Luc Godard (Godard, Jean-Luc), and Jacques Rivette, and he became editor in chief of the New Wave publication Cahiers du cinéma in 1957. That year he and Claude Chabrol coauthored the film study Hitchcock. In 1963 he quit Cahiers after becoming involved in a dispute.

      In 1950 Rohmer began making a series of short, fairly successful films. In 1959 he directed his first full-length feature, Le Signe du lion (“The Sign of Leo”). Rohmer next directed a series of six contes moraux, or moral tales, beginning with La Boulangère de Monceau (1962; “The Baker of Monceau”) and La Carrière de Suzanne (1963; “Suzanne's Career”). Both films were commercial failures, and Rohmer turned his attention to directing television documentaries. Then in 1966 he filmed another of the moral tales, La Collectionneuse (“The Collector”), which achieved some critical esteem in Europe.

      It was not until Rohmer filmed Ma Nuit chez Maud (1968; My Night at Maud's), however, that he scored a commercial hit. Considered by most critics to be the centrepiece of the contes moraux, My Night at Maud's is the story of a puritanical engineer marooned in a snowstorm who takes refuge in the apartment of an attractive divorcée. She tries to seduce him, but he resists her efforts, and the two spend the night discussing intellectual matters. Acclaimed by critics and popular with audiences in both France and the United States, the film earned an Academy Award nomination as best foreign-language film and one for Rohmer for best original screenplay. Rohmer's next effort, Le Genou de Claire (1970; Claire's Knee), was named best film at the San Sebastian Film Festival and received two awards as the year's best French film—the Prix Louis-Delluc and the Prix Méliès. Rohmer completed the series in 1972 with the release of L'Amour l'après-midi (Chloe in the Afternoon), and the scripts were later published as Six Moral Tales (1977).

      Based on a short story by Heinrich von Kleist, Rohmer's Die Marquise von O (1976; The Marquise of O) won the special Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival. His later films include Perceval le Gallois (1978; Perceval) and two more multifilm series, Comedies et proverbes (“Comedies and Proverbs”), begun in 1981 with La Femme de l'aviateur (“The Aviator's Wife”) and including Pauline à la plage (1983; Pauline at the Beach), and the Contes des quatre saisons (1990–98; “Tales of the Four Seasons”). At the beginning of the 21st century, he directed such films as L'Anglaise et le Duc (2001; The Lady and the Duke), Triple Agent (2004), and Les Amours d'Astrée et de Céladon (2007; Romance of Astree and Celadon).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rohmer, Eric — (1920 )    Director, film critic, and screenwriter. Eric Rohmer was born Jean Marie Maurice Schérer. He began his profes sional life as a teacher and novelist and in cinema circles as a film critic. Before gaining acclaim for his participation in …   Guide to cinema

  • Rohmer, Eric — (1920 )    Director, film critic, and screenwriter. Eric Rohmer was born Jean Marie Maurice Schérer. He began his profes sional life as a teacher and novelist and in cinema circles as a film critic. Before gaining acclaim for his participation in …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Rohmer, Eric — • РОМЕ Р (Rohmer) Эрик (наст. имя и фам. Жан Морис Шерер, Scherer) (p. 1.12. 1920)    франц. режиссёр, киновед, филолог. В 1950 51 совм. с Ж. Л. Годаром и Ж. Риветом возглавлял La gazette du cinema , сотрудничал в ж. Cahiers du cinema (после… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Rohmer, Eric — (Maurice Henri Joseph Schérer / March 20, 1920, Tulle, Corrèze, France )    He taught literature for eight years in a high school before co founding with Jean Luc Godard and Jacques Rivette a short lived review, La Gazette du Cinéma. From 1957 to …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Rohmer, Eric — ► (n. 1920) Nombre artístico de Jean Marie Maurice Scherer, director de cine francés. Películas: El signo del león (1959), Mi noche con Maud (1969), El amor después del mediodía (1972) y Una historia de otoño (1999), entre otras. También ha… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rohmer, Eric — pseud. di Schérer, Jean Marie Maurice …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

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  • Éric Rohmer — Rohmer at the Cinémathèque Française in 2004 Born Maurice Henri Joseph Schérer or Jean Marie Maurice Schérer 20 March 1920(1920 03 20) Tulle …   Wikipedia

  • Éric Rohmer — Éric Rohmer, 2004 Éric Rohmer (* 21. März 1920[1] in Tulle, Département Corrèze; † 11. Januar 2010 in Paris; eigentlich Jean Marie Maurice Schérer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eric Rohmer — Éric Rohmer (* 21. März 1920[1] in Tulle, Département Corrèze; eigentlich Jean Marie Maurice Schérer) ist ein französischer Film und Theaterregisseur, Essayist, Filmkritiker und theoretiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Pseudonym …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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