Roget, Peter Mark


Roget, Peter Mark
born Jan. 18, 1779, London, Eng.
died Sept. 12, 1869, West Malvern, Worcestershire

English physician and philologist.

In 1814 he invented a slide rule for calculating the roots and powers of numbers. He was instrumental in founding the University of London (1828). He is best known for his Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (1852), a comprehensive classification of synonyms or verbal equivalents which he assembled during his retirement. He was a fellow (from 1815) and secretary (from 1827) of the Royal Society.

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▪ English physician and philologist
born Jan. 18, 1779, London, Eng.
died Sept. 12, 1869, West Malvern, Worcestershire
 English physician and philologist remembered for his Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (1852), a comprehensive classification of synonyms or verbal equivalents that is still popular in modern editions.

      Roget studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and later helped found the medical school at Manchester. In 1814 he invented a “log-log” slide rule for calculating the roots and powers of numbers. From 1808 to 1840 he practiced in London. The first edition of the Thesaurus, which was begun in his 61st year and finished in his 73rd, was a product of his retirement from active medical practice, although it was based on a system of verbal classification he had begun in 1805. Roget was a fellow (from 1815) and secretary (from 1827) of the Royal Society.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roget,Peter Mark — Ro·get (rō zhāʹ, rōʹzhā), Peter Mark. 1779 1869. British physician and scholar who compiled the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (1852). * * * …   Universalium

  • Roget, Peter Mark — (18 ene. 1779, Londres, Inglaterra–12 sep. 1869, West Malvern, Worcestershire). Médico y filólogo inglés. En 1814 inventó una regla deslizante para calcular las raíces y potencias de los números. Fue fundamental en la fundación de la Universidad… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROGET, PETER MARK —    physician, born in London; was professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution; wrote on physiology in relation to natural theology; was author of a Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (1779 1869) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Peter Mark Roget — IPAEng|roʊˈʒeɪ (January 18, 1779 ndash; September 12, 1869) was a British physician, natural theologian and lexicographer. He is best known for publishing, in 1852, the Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases (Roget s Thesaurus), a classified… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Mark Roget — Peter Mark Roget. Peter Mark Roget (* 18. Januar 1779 in London; † 12. September 1869 in West Malvern, Worcestershire) war ein englischer Arzt und Lexikograph. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Mark Roget — n. Peter Mark Roget (1779 1869), English doctor and lexicographer, author of an English language thesaurus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Peter Mark Roget — noun English physician who in retirement compiled a well known thesaurus (1779 1869) • Syn: ↑Roget • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr., ↑medico …   Useful english dictionary

  • Roget — Peter Mark Roget (* 18. Januar 1779 in London; † 12. September 1869 in West Malvern, Worcestershire) war ein englischer Arzt und Lexikograph. Roget s Thesaurus 1852 erschien sein Werk Roget s Thesaurus, das für die englische Sprache rasch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mark — mark1 /mahrk/, n. 1. a visible impression or trace on something, as a line, cut, dent, stain, or bruise: a small mark on his arm. 2. a badge, brand, or other visible sign assumed or imposed: a mark of his noble rank. 3. a symbol used in writing… …   Universalium

  • Mark — /mahrk/, n. 1. one of the four Evangelists: traditionally believed to be the author of the second Gospel. 2. the second Gospel: to read aloud from Mark. 3. King, Arthurian Romance. ruler of Cornwall, husband of Iseult and uncle of Sir Tristram. 4 …   Universalium


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