- Randolph, Edmund Jennings
born Aug. 10, 1753, Willliamsburg, Va.died Sept. 12, 1813, Clark county, Va., U.S.U.S. politician.He helped draft Virginia's constitution (1776) and served in the Continental Congress (1779–82). He was a delegate to the Annapolis Convention and the Constitutional Convention, where he presented the Virginia (or large-state) Plan, which influenced the final draft of the Constitution of the United States. As governor of Virginia (1786–88), he effected the state's ratification of the Constitution. He served as U.S. attorney general (1789–94) and secretary of state (1794–95) but resigned after he was falsely accused of accepting a bribe from the French to influence the U.S. government against Britain. He returned to his law practice and served as chief counsel for Aaron Burr in his 1807 trial.
* * *▪ United States statesmanborn August 10, 1753, Williamsburg, Virginia [U.S.]died September 12, 1813, Clark county, VirginiaVirginia lawyer who played an important role in drafting and ratifying the U.S. Constitution and served as attorney general and later secretary of state in George Washington's cabinet.After attending William and Mary College, Randolph studied law in the office of his father, who was then the king's attorney in the Virginia colony. The approach of the American Revolution caused a split in the family: the father, with his wife and daughters, left for England in 1775, while Edmund threw in his lot with the rebellious colonists.The young lawyer served briefly as an aide to General Washington in the siege (1776) of the British at Boston and then returned to Virginia to care for the estate of his uncle, Peyton Randolph. He was elected to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1776 and served on the committee that drew up a bill of rights and a state constitution. The Virginia Assembly elected him attorney general of the state, and he also served intermittently (1779–82) as a delegate to the Continental Congress.In 1786 Randolph headed the Virginia delegation to the Annapolis Convention, and that same year he was elected governor of Virginia. As a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention (1787), he presented the influential Virginia Plan and served on the Committee on Detail that prepared a first draft of the proposed constitution. He did not sign the final draft, however, because he wanted more protection of the rights of states and of individuals. Nevertheless, in the Virginia Convention of 1788 he used his influence to bring about that state's ratification of the Constitution.After President Washington took office in 1789, he appointed Randolph—who had handled much of Washington's personal legal work—to the post of U.S. attorney general. Upon Thomas Jefferson's resignation as secretary of state in December 1793, Randolph was chosen to replace him. As England and France were then at war and there was strong support in the United States for both antagonists, Randolph's attempt to steer a middle course was difficult. While the Jay Treaty (1794) with England was under consideration, he performed the delicate task of maintaining friendly relations with France. He also paved the way for the signing (1795) of Pinckney's Treaty (or the Treaty of San Lorenzo) with Spain, which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River.Randolph's governmental service was brought to an end by an intercepted diplomatic dispatch from the French minister at Philadelphia, charging that he had shown a willingness to accept money from the French in return for influencing the U.S. government against Great Britain. Though the charges were not proved, Randolph resigned on Aug. 19, 1795. He returned to Virginia and resumed his law practice, acting in 1807 as senior counsel for Aaron Burr at his trial for treason.Additional ReadingStudies of his life and influence include H.J. Eckenrode, The Randolphs: The Story of a Virginia Family (1946); and John J. Reardon, Edmund Randolph (1975).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Randolph,Edmund Jennings — Randolph, Edmund Jennings. 1753 1813. American Revolutionary leader and public official. A member of the Constitutional Convention (1787), he later served as U.S. attorney general (1789 1794) and secretary of state (1794 1795). * * * … Universalium
Randolph, Edmund Jennings — (10 ago. 1753, Willliamsburg, Va., EE.UU.–12 sep. 1813, cond. Clark, Va.). Político estadounidense. Colaboró en la redacción de la constitución de Virginia (1776) y se desempeñó en el Congreso continental (1779–82). Fue delegado ante la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Edmund Jennings Randolph — Edmund Randolph Edmund Randolph Edmund Randolph, né en août 1753 et mort le 12 septembre 1813, était un homme politique américain. Il fut le premier Attorney General des États Unis et le deuxième Secrétaire d État des États Unis … Wikipédia en Français
Edmund — or Edmond [ed′mənd] n. 〚OE Eadmund < ead (see EDGAR1) + mund, hand, protection: see MANUAL〛 a masculine name: dim. Ed, Ned * * * (849–870) a … Universalium
Randolph — /ran dolf, deuhlf/, n. 1. A(sa) Philip, 1889 1979, U.S. labor leader: president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters 1925 68. 2. Edmund Jennings /jen ings/, 1753 1813, U.S. statesman: first U.S. Attorney General 1789 94; Secretary of State… … Universalium
Edmund — (as used in expressions) Andros, Sir Edmund Burke, Edmund Cartwright, Edmund Cockburn, Sir Alexander (James Edmund), 10° baronet Dewey, Thomas E(dmund) Gosse, Sir Edmund Hillary, Sir Edmund (Percival) Husserl, Edmund Kean, Edmund Martinson, Harry … Enciclopedia Universal
Randolph — (as used in expressions) Caldecott, Randolph Churchill, Randolph (Henry Spencer), Lord Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette Hawkins, Coleman (Randolph) Hearst, William Randolph Randolph, A(sa) Philip Randolph, Edmund Jennings Randolph, John … Enciclopedia Universal
Jennings — /jen ingz/, n. 1. a city in E Missouri, near St. Louis. 17,026. 2. a city in SW Louisiana. 12,401. * * * (as used in expressions) Bryan William Jennings Ernest Jennings Marlborough Sarah Jennings duchess of Randolph Edmund Jennings * * * … Universalium
Jennings — (as used in expressions) Bryan, William Jennings Ernest Jennings Marlborough, Sarah Jennings, duquesa de Randolph, Edmund Jennings … Enciclopedia Universal
Randolph — I. biographical name A(sa) Philip 1889 1979 American labor leader II. biographical name Edmund Jennings 1753 1813 American statesman III. biographical name John 1773 1833 John Randolph of Roanoke American statesman IV. geographical name town E… … New Collegiate Dictionary