- Qājār dynasty
(1794–1925) Ruling dynasty of Iran.It was founded by Āghā Muḥammad Khan, who brutally reunified Iran and reasserted Iranian rule over territories in Georgia and the Caucasus by defeating his rivals, including the last ruler of the Zand dynasty. His successor, Fatḥ ʽAlī Shah (r. 1797–1834), lost land to Russia and increased contacts with the West. Nāsir al-Dīn Shah's (r. 1848–96) successful manipulation of Russia and Britain preserved Persia's independence, but his successors could not cope with subsequent European meddling, and the dynasty was overthrown by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925.
* * *▪ Iranian dynastythe ruling dynasty of Iran from 1794 to 1925.In 1779, following the death of Moḥammad Karīm Khān Zand, the Zand dynasty ruler of southern Iran, Āghā Moḥammad Khān (reigned 1779–97), a leader of the Turkmen Qājār tribe, set out to reunify Iran. By 1794 he had eliminated all his rivals, including Loṭf ʿAlī Khān, the last of the Zand dynasty, and had reasserted Iranian sovereignty over the former Iranian territories in Georgia and the Caucasus. In 1796 he was formally crowned as shah, or emperor. Agha Moḥammad was assassinated in 1797 and was succeeded by his nephew, Fatḥ ʿAlī Shāh (reigned 1797–1834). Fath ʿAlī attempted to maintain Iran's sovereignty over its new territories, but he was disastrously defeated by Russia in two wars (1804–13, 1826–28) and thus lost Georgia, Armenia, and northern Azerbaijan. Fatḥ ʿAlī's reign saw increased diplomatic contacts with the West and the beginning of intense European diplomatic rivalries over Iran. He was succeeded in 1834 by his grandson Moḥammad, who fell under the influence of Russia and made two unsuccessful attempts to capture Herāt. When Moḥammad Shāh died in 1848 the succession passed to his son Nāṣer od-Dīn (Nāṣer od-Dīn Shāh) (reigned 1848–96), who proved to be the ablest and most successful of the Qājār sovereigns. During his reign Western science, technology, and educational methods were introduced into Iran and the country's modernization was begun. Nāṣer od-Dīn Shāh exploited the mutual distrust between Great Britain and Russia to preserve Iran's independence.When Nāṣer was assassinated by a fanatic in 1896, the crown passed to his son Moẓaffar od-Dīn Shāh (reigned 1896–1907), a weak and incompetent ruler who was forced in 1906 to grant a constitution that called for some curtailment of monarchial power. His son Moḥammad ʿAlī Shāh (reigned 1907–09), with the aid of Russia, attempted to rescind the constitution and abolish parliamentary government. In so doing he aroused such opposition that he was deposed in 1909, the throne being taken by his son. Aḥmad Shāh (reigned 1909–25), who succeeded to the throne at age 11, proved to be pleasure-loving, effete, and incompetent and was unable to preserve the integrity of Iran or the fate of his dynasty. The occupation of Iran during World War I (1914–18) by Russian, British, and Ottoman troops was a blow from which Aḥmad Shāh never effectively recovered. With a coup d'état in February 1921, Reza Khan (ruled as Reza Shah Pahlavi, 1925–41) became the preeminent political personality in Iran; Aḥmad Shāh was formally deposed by the majlis (national consultative assembly) in October 1925 while he was absent in Europe, and that assembly declared the rule of the Qājār dynasty to be terminated.
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Qajar dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name =امپراتوری ایران conventional long name = Persian Empire common name = Pahlavi Dynasty continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East region = the Middle East country = Iran status = Empire year start … Wikipedia
Qajar art — refers to the art and art forms of the Qajar dynasty of the Persian Empire, which lasted from 1781 to 1925. Most notably, Qajar art is recognizable for its distinctive style of portraiture. The boom in artistic expression that occurred during the … Wikipedia
Qajar — Iran in 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Die Kadscharen, auch Qadscharen, Qadjaren oder Kadjaren, (persisch قاجاریه Ghādschāriye [ɢɔːʤɔːriˈɛ]), waren eine Dynastie in Persien (1779 1925). Die turkmenischstämmige … Deutsch Wikipedia
Qájár — Iran in 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Die Kadscharen, auch Qadscharen, Qadjaren oder Kadjaren, (persisch قاجاریه Ghādschāriye [ɢɔːʤɔːriˈɛ]), waren eine Dynastie in Persien (1779 1925). Die turkmenischstämmige … Deutsch Wikipedia
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
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Qajar — /kä or ka järˈ/ noun The dynasty that united and ruled Iran from 1779 to 1925 adjective Of this dynasty, its period, or its art, porcelain, etc … Useful english dictionary
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