Punnett, Reginald Crundall


Punnett, Reginald Crundall
born June 20, 1875, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng.
died Jan. 3, 1967, Bilbrook, Somerset

British geneticist.

Through contact with William Bateson he came to support the theories of Gregor Mendel, and in 1905 he published the first textbook on Mendelian genetics. Using poultry and sweet peas, Punnett and Bateson discovered some of the fundamental processes of Mendelian genetics, including linkage, sex determination, sex linkage, and the first example of nonsexual chromosome linkage. Punnett demonstrated the value of using sex-linked plumage-colour factors to distinguish male from female chickens, making possible early identification of the less valuable males, a process now known as autosexing.

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▪ British geneticist
born June 20, 1875, Tonbridge, Kent, Eng.
died Jan. 3, 1967, Bilbrook, Somerset

      English geneticist who, with the English biologist William Bateson (Bateson, William), discovered genetic linkage.

      Educated at the University of Cambridge, Punnett began his professional research with structural studies of marine worms. Later his interest turned to genetics, and, while a demonstrator in zoology at Cambridge (1902–05), he joined a genetic study group under Bateson. Through his contact with Bateson, Punnett came to support the theories of Gregor Mendel, the founder of modern genetics. Subsequently, he wrote Mendelism (1905), the first textbook on the subject.

      Using poultry and sweet peas, Punnett and Bateson discovered some of the fundamental processes of Mendelian genetics, including linkage, sex determination, sex linkage, and the first example of autosomal (nonsexual chromosome) linkage. In 1910 Bateson and Punnett founded the Journal of Genetics, which they jointly edited until Bateson's death (1926). In 1912 Punnett became a fellow of the Royal Society of London and was named professor of genetics at Cambridge.

      During World War I, when many foods were scarce, Punnett pointed out the value of employing sex-linked plumage-colour factors to distinguish male from female chickens; early identification of the less valuable males was thus made possible. The process, known as autosexing, is treated in his Heredity in Poultry (1923).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Punnett, Reginald Crundall — (20 jun. 1875, Tonbridge, Kent, Inglaterra–3 ene. 1967, Bilbrook, Somerset). Genetista británico. Mediante contactos con William Bateson llegó a respaldar las teorías de Gregor Mendel y, en 1905, publicó el primer libro de texto sobre la genética …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reginald Crundall Punnett — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ilustración de mariposas de Punnet, de su libro Mimicry in Butterflies Reginald Crundall Punnett, F.R.S. (20 de junio de 1875 3 de enero de 1967), genetista británico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett (* 20. Juni 1875 in Tonbridge, Grafschaft Kent; † 3. Januar 1967 in Bilbrook, Grafschaft Somerset) war ein britischer Genetiker. Leben und Wirken 1898 schloss er sein Studium in Zoologie an dem Gonville and Caius College …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reginald — /rej euh neuhld/, n. a male given name: from an Old English word meaning counsel and rule. * * * (as used in expressions) Bolton Guy Reginald Hall Sir Peter Reginald Frederick Reginald Carey Harrison Reginald Martinez Jackson Reginald Kenneth… …   Universalium

  • Reginald — (as used in expressions) Bolton, Guy (Reginald) Hall, Sir Peter (Reginald Frederick) Reginald Carey Harrison Reginald Martínez Jackson Reginald Kenneth Dwight Marsh, Reginald Reginald Truscott Jones Pole, Reginald Punnett, Reginald Crundall… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reginald Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett était un généticien britannique né le 20 juin 1875 à Tonbridge (Kent) et décédé le 3 janvier 1967 à Bilbrook (Somerset). Sommaire 1 Travaux 2 Ouvrages …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reginald Punnett — Reginald Crundall Punnett (* 20. Juni 1875 in Tonbridge, Grafschaft Kent; † 3. Januar 1967 in Bilbrook, Grafschaft Somerset) war ein britischer Genetiker. Leben und Wirken 1898 schloss er sein Studium in Zoologie an dem Gonville and Caius College …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reginald Punnett — Infobox Scientist name = Reginald Punnett box width = image width = 150px caption = Reginald Punnett birth date = June 20 1875 birth place = Tonbridge, Kent death date = January 3 1967 death place = Bilbrook, Somerset residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Punnett square — Pun·nett square (punґət) [Reginald Crundall Punnett, English geneticist, 1875–1967] see under square …   Medical dictionary

  • Bateson, William — born Aug. 8, 1861, Whitby, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1926, London British biologist. In 1900, while studying inheritance of traits, he was drawn to the research of Gregor Mendel, which explained perfectly the results of his own plant… …   Universalium


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