Pullman Strike


Pullman Strike
(May 11–с July 20, 1894) Massive railroad strike in the U.S. After financial reversals caused the Pullman Palace Car Co. to cut wages by 25%, local union members called a strike.

The company's president, George Pullman, refused arbitration, and union president Eugene V. Debs called for a nationwide boycott of Pullman cars. Sympathy strikes followed in 27 states. Violence broke out in Chicago, Ill., but Gov. John Peter Altgeld refused to intervene. The U.S. attorney general, Richard Olney, obtained an injunction against the strikers for impeding the mail service, and federal troops were called in. Debs's conviction for conspiring against interstate commerce established that the Sherman Antitrust Act could be enforced against labour-unions.

* * *

▪ United States history
 (May 11, 1894–c. July 20, 1894), in U.S. history, widespread railroad strike that focused attention upon the application of U.S. antitrust laws to activities by labour unions.

      The panic of 1893 had caused the Pullman Palace Car Company to cut wages by about 25 percent. At Pullman, its company town near Chicago, no corresponding reduction was made in rents and other charges, which led to a local strike initiated May 11, 1894, by members of the American Railway Union. After the company president, George M. Pullman (Pullman, George M), had refused arbitration of the dispute, the union's national council, led by its president, Eugene V. Debs (Debs, Eugene V.), called for a nationwide boycott of Pullman cars. Sympathy strikes by union locals occurred in 27 states and territories from Ohio to California, and violence of disputed origin and intensity broke out, centring in Chicago. Governor John P. Altgeld (Altgeld, John Peter) of Illinois, sympathetic toward the strikers, refused to call out the militia. On July 2, in part acceding to railroad management requests, U.S. Attorney General Richard Olney (Olney, Richard) procured an injunction from federal judges to halt acts impeding mail service and interstate commerce; on July 4, President Grover Cleveland (Cleveland, Grover), acting on Olney's advice, ordered 2,500 federal troops to Chicago. The strike ended within the week, and the troops were recalled July 20. When Debs was convicted of contempt of court and conspiring against interstate commerce, leaders of both industry and organized labour recognized that the Sherman Antitrust Act could be enforced against unions and, even more ominous from the viewpoint of labour, federal injunctions could be employed to defeat action by the unions.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pullman Strike — The Pullman Strike occurred when 3,000 Pullman Palace Car Company workers reacted to a 25% wage cut by going on a wildcat strike in Illinois on May 11, 1894, bringing traffic west of Chicago to a halt. [ Within three days 40,000 railroaders had… …   Wikipedia

  • Pullman Company — Pullman Porter redirects here. For the 1919 film starring Fatty Arbuckle, see The Pullman Porter The Pullman Palace Car Company, founded by George Pullman, manufactured railroad cars in the mid to late 1800s through the early decades of the 20th… …   Wikipedia

  • Pullman, Chicago — Pullman is a neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago, twelve miles from the Chicago Loop by Lake Calumet. It is also one of the 77 well defined Chicago Community Areas.The area known as Pullman encompasses a much wider area than the two… …   Wikipedia

  • Pullman — may refer to: *Pullman hotels resorts, international hotel chain *Pullman (car or coach), various luxurious railway cars, cars, buses or coaches *Pullman Company, maker of Pullman rail cars *Pullman (architecture), a long, narrow room *Pullman… …   Wikipedia

  • Pullman-Streik — Der Pullman Streik begann als wilder Streik am 11. Mai 1894, als etwa 50.000 Arbeiter der Pullman Palace Car Company im südlichen Stadtteil Pullman von Chicago, Illinois, ihre Arbeit verweigerten. Er weitete sich zum bis dahin größten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pullman District — Infobox nrhp2 | name =Pullman Historic District nhld=yes nhd=yes designated other1 name= Chicago Landmark designated other1 date= October 16 1972 designated other1 abbr= CL designated other1 link= Chicago Landmark designated other1 color= #aaccff …   Wikipedia

  • strike — strikeless, adj. /struyk/, v., struck or (Obs.) strook; struck or (esp. for 31 34) stricken or (Obs.) strook; striking; n., adj. v.t. 1. to deal a blow or stroke to (a person or thing), as with the fist, a weapon, or a hammer; hit …   Universalium

  • Pullman, George M(ortimer) — born March 3, 1831, Brocton, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 19, 1897, Chicago, Ill. U.S. industrialist. He moved to Chicago as a young man and worked as a cabinetmaker for his brother. In 1858 he remodeled two day coaches for a local railroad company into… …   Universalium

  • Pullman — Pullman, George M., geboren 1831, gestorben in Chicago 1897, Präsident der von ihm begründeten großen Eisenbahnwagenbaugesellschaft (Pullman Car Company) in Chicago in den Vereinigten Staaten. Die Pullmangesellschaft baut hauptsächlich die unter… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Pullman —    The comfort of many passengers in train journeys can be credited to George Mortimer Pullman (1831 1897), an American inventor and businessman. Pullman is best remembered for improving railway sleeping cars.    Pullman was born on March 3, 1831 …   Dictionary of eponyms


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.