Ptolemy III–XV

Ptolemy III–XV
(r. 246–30 BC) Macedonian kings of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.

Ptolemy III Euergetes ("Benefactor") (fl. 246–221) defeated the ruler of the Seleucid dynasty in the Third Syrian War (245–241). Ptolemy IV Philopator ("Father-loving") (r. 221–205) allowed Egypt to decline under his debauched rule. Ptolemy IX Soter II ruled with his mother (116–110, 109–107), until she expelled him and installed his brother Ptolemy X Alexander (r. 107–88). Alexander's unpopularity resulted in his expulsion, and he died at sea in 88. Soter II assumed sole rule (88–81), installing his brother's widow, his own daughter, with him. Ptolemy XI Alexander II (r. 80) was the last fully legitimate Ptolemaic king of Egypt. On the orders of Sulla, whose hostage he had been, he took Ptolemy IX Soter II's widow as wife and attempted to rule with her. This being unacceptable to the queen, Ptolemy murdered her and took sole power, for which the people of Alexandria killed him; his rule lasted 19 days. Of the remaining Ptolemies, Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II shared power (47–44) with his sister Cleopatra; it was probably she who had him assassinated, to make way for her son by Julius Caesar. Ptolemy XV Caesar, or Caesarion, shared power with his mother from 44; he was killed by Octavian (later Augustus) after Cleopatra's suicide in 30. His death marked the Roman conquest of Egypt and the dynasty's end.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Ptolemy III Euergetes — Ptolemy III Euergetes, (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs , reigned 246 BC ndash;222 BC) was the third ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. He was the eldest son of Ptolemy II Philadelphus and his first wife, Arsinoe I, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy III Euergetes I — King 246 221 BC.     The son of *Ptolemy II, Ptolemy III married Berenice II, the daughter of the Ptolemaic governor of Cyrene, Ptolemy Magas. It is recorded that they were great benefactors to temples and cults in Egypt, particularly those of… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Ptolemy III Euergetes — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt (Greek:Benefactor) flourished 246–221 BC       Macedonian king of Egypt, son of Ptolemy II; he reunited Egypt and Cyrenaica and successfully waged the Third Syrian War (Syrian Wars) against the Seleucid kingdom.… …   Universalium

  • Ptolemy VIII Physcon — ptolemyPtolemy VIII Euergetes II ( el. Πτολεμαῖος Εὐεργέτης, Ptolemaĩos Euergétēs ) (c. 182 BC–26 June 116 BC), nicknamed gr. Φύσκων, Phúskōn , Physcon ( Sausage , Potbelly or Bladder ) for his obesity, was a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in… …   Wikipedia

  • PTOLEMY — PTOLEMY, the common name of monarchs of the Macedonian (or Thirty First) Dynasty who ruled in Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C.E. It is unclear precisely how many such sovereigns there actually were; some scholars give a total of 14 and some 16. Most… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ptolemy IV Philopator — (Greek: polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr , reigned 221 205 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Egypt. Under the reign of Ptolemy IV, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy (name) — The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus comes from the Greek Ptolemaios , which means warlike. There have been many people named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus, the most famous of which are the Greek Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemaeus and the Macedonian… …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy IV Philopator — King 221 204 BC.     The son of *Ptolemy III, Ptolemy IV took the name of Philopator which means father loving ; according to the custom of this dynasty, he married his sister, Arsinoe III.     He defeated Antiochus III of Syria at the battle of… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Ptolemy — /tol euh mee/, n., pl. Ptolemies for 2. 1. (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. A.D. 127 151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria. 2. any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323 30 B.C. * * * I Latin… …   Universalium

  • Ptolemy II Philadelphus — born 308, Cos died 246 BC King of Egypt (285–246 BC), second king of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He reigned as coruler (285–282) with his father, Ptolemy I Soter, then purged his family of rivals, including his first wife, and married his sister,… …   Universalium


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