Pridi Phanomyong


Pridi Phanomyong
or Luang Pradist Manudharm

born May 11, 1900, Ayutthaya, Siam
died May 2, 1983, Paris, France

Thai political leader and prime minister.

He earned a doctorate in law in France, where he was influenced by socialism and where, with Luang Phibunsongkhram and others, he plotted to overthrow the absolute monarchy in Siam (Thailand). Pridi participated in the Promoters Revolution and helped write the constitution of December 1932. He engineered the downfall of Phibunsongkhram's pro-Japanese government (1944) and in 1946 became Thailand's first popularly elected prime minister. Unjustly held responsible for the assassination of King Ananda that year, he was forced to resign and flee the country in 1947. He lived in China until 1970, when he moved to France.

* * *

▪ Thai political leader
also called  Pridi Banomyong, or Luang Pradist Manudharm  
born May 11, 1900, Ayutthaya, Siam [now Thailand]
died May 2, 1983, Paris, France

      Thai political leader who was one of the instigators of the June 1932 constitutional revolution and was made prime minister in 1946.

      After studies at the Royal Law School, Pridi won a government scholarship to study law in France; he earned a doctorate in law from Paris in 1927. While in Paris he was strongly influenced by French socialism, and, with other students, including Luang Phibunsongkhram (Phibunsongkhram, Luang), he began plotting the overthrow of the Thai absolute monarchy. On return to Thailand the conspirators intensified their efforts, and on June 24, 1932, they carried out a bloodless coup d'état that forced King Prajadhipok to accept a constitution. As the leading ideologue of the ruling People's Party, Pridi helped write the constitution of December 1932, and in 1933 he announced a draft economic policy that envisioned state ownership of all industrial and commercial enterprises. The uproar over this plan forced Pridi into temporary exile abroad. On his return he served as minister of the interior and minister of foreign affairs and founded the University of Moral and Political Science (now Thammasat University). He served as minister of finance (1938–41) under Phibunsongkhram but resigned in protest against pro-Japanese policies and was appointed regent for the boy king Ananda Mahidol, then at school in Switzerland. As regent, Pridi directed the anti-Japanese underground Free Thai Movement in the later years of the war and engineered the downfall of Phibunsongkhram's government in 1944. Over the next two years, Pridi was the real power behind successive civilian governments as Thailand, successfully avoiding treatment as an ally of Japan, regained international respectability.

      In March 1946 Pridi himself became prime minister, the first to have been popularly elected. Public support for his government was shattered, however, after King Ananda was found dead of gun wounds on June 9, 1946. Pridi was unjustly held responsible, in part because of his earlier radicalism and reputed republican sympathies, and in August he was forced to resign. When the army staged a coup d'état in November 1947, Pridi fled the country; by 1951, after coup attempts on his behalf had failed, he took up residence in China. In 1970 Pridi left China for France, continuing to voice his criticism of the Thai military regimes.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pridi Phanomyong — (Thai: ปรีดี พนมยงค์, auch: Luang Pradisot Manutham หลวงประดิษฐมนูธรรม; * 11. Mai 1900 in Ayutthaya; † 2. Mai 1983 in Paris) war zwischen März …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pridi Phanomyong — Infobox Prime Minister name = Pridi Phanomyong ปรีดี พนมยงค์ Traditional: 陳嘉祥, 陳璋茂 Simplified: 陈嘉祥, 陈璋茂 Mandarin: Chen Jiaxiang, Chen Zhangmou Teochew: Tan Giasiang, Tan Cangmou nationality = Thai order = 7th Prime Minister of Thailand monarch =… …   Wikipedia

  • Pridi Phanomyong — o Luang Pradist Manudharm (11 may. 1900, Ayutthaya, Siam–2 may. 1983, París, Francia). Líder político y primer ministro thai. Obtuvo un doctorado en derecho en Francia donde fue influido por el socialismo y conspiró junto con Luang Pibul Songgram …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pridi Banomyong — ปรีดี พนมยงค์ 7th Prime Minister of Thailand In office March 24, 1946 – August 23, 1946 Monarch Ananda Mahidol …   Wikipedia

  • Phanomyong — Pridi Phanomyong Pridi Phanomyong (Thai: ปรีดี พนมยงค์, auch: Luang Pradisot Manutham หลวงประดิษฐมนูธรรม; * 11. Mai 1900 in Ayutthaya; † 2. Mai 1983 in Paris) war zwischen März und August 1946 Premierminist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pridi Banomyong — Pridi Phanomyong Pridi Phanomyong (Thai: ปรีดี พนมยงค์, auch: Luang Pradisot Manutham หลวงประดิษฐมนูธรรม; * 11. Mai 1900 in Ayutthaya; † 2. Mai 1983 in Paris) war zwischen März und August 1946 Prem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poonsuk Phanomyong — ( th. พูนศุข พนมยงค์, January 2 1913 [พ.ศ. 2455 ended on March 31, 1913.] ndash;May 12 2007) is the wife of former Thai Prime Minister Pridi Phanomyong. In November 1952 Poonsuk was arrested on charges of subversion under the government of Plaek… …   Wikipedia

  • Banomyong — Pridi Phanomyong Pridi Phanomyong (Thai: ปรีดี พนมยงค์, auch: Luang Pradisot Manutham หลวงประดิษฐมนูธรรม; * 11. Mai 1900 in Ayutthaya; † 2. Mai 1983 in Paris) war zwischen März und August 1946 Premierminist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Free Thai Movement — The Free Thai Movement ( th. ขบวนการเสรีไทย, Khabuankarn Seri Thai) was an underground resistance movement against Japan during World War II. The movement was one of the important sources to the Allies for military intelligence in this region.… …   Wikipedia

  • Democrat Party (Thailand) — Democrat Party พรรคประชาธิปัตย์ Phak Prachathipat Leader Abhisit Vejjajiva Secretary Ge …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.