Portuguese language


Portuguese language
Romance language spoken by about 170 million people in Portugal, Brazil, and other former Portuguese colonies.

The first literary works in Portuguese date from the 13th–14th century. Standard Portuguese is based on the dialect of Lisbon. Dialectal variation in Portugal is limited, but the differences between Brazilian and European Portuguese are more extensive, including changes in phonology, verb conjugation, and syntax. The four major dialect groups are Northern (Galician, spoken in northwestern Spain), Central, Southern (including the Lisbon dialect), and Insular (including Brazilian and Madeiran) Portuguese.

* * *

Portuguese  Português 

      Romance language spoken in Portugal, Brazil, and Portuguese colonial and formerly colonial territories. Galician, spoken in northwestern Spain, is a dialect of Portuguese. Written materials in Portuguese date from a property agreement of the late 12th century, and literary works appeared in the 13th and 14th centuries. In 2008 the Portuguese parliament passed an act mandating the use of a standardized orthography based on Brazilian forms.

      Standard Portuguese is based on the dialect of Lisbon. Dialectal variation within the country is not great, but Brazilian Portuguese varies from European Portuguese in several respects, including several sound changes and some differences in verb conjugation and syntax; for example, object pronouns occur before the verb in Brazilian Portuguese, as in Spanish, but after the verb in standard Portuguese. The four major dialect groups of Portuguese are Northern Portuguese, or Galician, Central Portuguese, Southern Portuguese (including the dialect of Lisbon), and Insular Portuguese (including Brazilian and Madeiran). Portuguese is often mutually intelligible with Spanish (Spanish language) despite differences in phonology, grammar, and vocabulary.

      Typical of the Portuguese sound system is the use of nasal vowels, indicated in the orthography by m or n following the vowel (e.g., sim “yes,” bem “well”) or by the use of a tilde (∼) over the vowel (mão “hand,” nação “nation”). In grammar its verb system is quite different from that of Spanish. Portuguese has a conjugated or personal infinitive and a future subjunctive and uses the verb ter (Latin tenere, Spanish tener “to have, to hold”) as an auxiliary verb instead of haver (Latin habere, Spanish haber “to have”; in Spanish used only as an auxiliary verb).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Portuguese language — Portuguese português Pronunciation [purtuˈɣeʃ] (EP) [poʁtuˈges][1] (BP) [poɾtu …   Wikipedia

  • Portuguese language literature — can be:* Literature of Angola * Literature of Brazil * Literature of Cape Verde * Literature of East Timor * Literature of Guinea Bissau * Literature of Macau * Literature of Mozambique * Portuguese literature * Literature of São Tomé and… …   Wikipedia

  • Portuguese Language Orthographic Agreement of 1990 — Written varieties Portuguese speaking countries except Brazil before the 1990 agreement Brazil before the 1990 agreement All countries after the 1990 agreement translation Different pronunciation anónimo anônimo Both forms remain anonymous Vénus… …   Wikipedia

  • Community of Portuguese Language Countries — Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa Community of Portuguese Language Countries …   Wikipedia

  • Museum of the Portuguese Language — The Museum of the Portuguese Language (Portuguese: Museu da Língua Portuguesa) is an interactive Portuguese language and Linguistics/Language Development in general museum in São Paulo, Brazil. It is housed in the Estação da Luz train station, in …   Wikipedia

  • Daman Indo-Portuguese language — Daman Portuguese Creole Língua da Casa Spoken in India Native speakers 4000 [1]  (date missing) …   Wikipedia

  • Diu Indo-Portuguese language — Diu Portuguese Creole Spoken in  India Native speakers 180[1]  (date mis …   Wikipedia

  • Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries — The Community of Portuguese Language Countries has 8 member states. All have the Portuguese language as official language, and only one has a second language (Tetum in the case of East Timor) as additional official language. In 2005, CPLP Council …   Wikipedia

  • Sri Lanka Indo-Portuguese language — Infobox Language name = Sri Lanka Portuguese Creole nativename = states = Sri Lanka speakers = 3,406 [ [http://www.ethnologue.com/show language.asp?code=idb Ethnologue] ] familycolor = Creole fam1 = Creole language fam2 = Portuguese Creole fam3 …   Wikipedia

  • International Portuguese Language Institute — The International Portuguese Language Institute ( Instituto Internacional da Língua Portuguesa in Portuguese) or IILP is the CPLP s institute supporting the spread and popularity of the Portuguese language in the world. The Institute s… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.