- Pontoppidan, Henrik
died Aug. 21, 1943, Ordrup, near CopenhagenDanish realist writer of novels and short stories.He studied engineering and worked as a teacher before taking up writing. His works, typically written in a cold, aloof, epic style, present a comprehensive picture of his country and his epoch. His earlier works are informed with a desire for social progress; his later ones despair of its realization. His major novels include the semiautobiographical Lucky Peter (1898–1904) and the five-volume cycle The Realm of the Dead (1912–16). He shared the 1917 Nobel Prize for Literature with Karl Gjellerup.
* * *▪ Danish authorborn July 24, 1857, Fredericia, Denmarkdied August 21, 1943, Ordrup, near CopenhagenRealist (realism) writer who shared with Karl Gjellerup (Gjellerup, Karl Adolph) the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1917 for “his authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark.” Pontoppidan's novels and short stories—informed with a desire for social progress but despairing, later in his life, of its realization—present an unusually comprehensive picture of his country and his epoch.The son of a clergyman, Pontoppidan partly revolted against his environment by beginning studies in engineering in Copenhagen in 1873. In 1879 he broke off his studies and became for several years a teacher. His first collection of stories, Stækkede Vinger (“Clipped Wings”), was published in 1881, and thereafter he supported himself by writing, until 1900 partly as a journalist with various Copenhagen papers.Pontoppidan's output—mainly novels and short stories written in an emotionally detached, epic style—stretches over half a century and covers most aspects of Danish life. It is usually characterized by a blend of social criticism and aristocratic disillusionment and is expressive of a pessimistic irony.His first books were about country-town life. Landsbybilleder (1883; “Village Pictures”), Fra Hytterne (1887; “From the Cottages”), and Skyer (1890; “Clouds”) are all characterized by social indignation, though also by ironic appreciation of the complacency and passivity of country people. The long novel Det Forjættede Land, 3 vol. (1891–95; The Promised Land), describes the religious controversies in country districts. In the 1890s Pontoppidan wrote short novels on psychological, aesthetic, and moral problems—for example, Nattevagt (1894; “Night Watch”), Den Gamle Adam (1895; “The Old Adam”), and Højsang (1896; “Song of Songs”). These were followed by a major work, the novel Lykke-Per (1898–1904; “Lucky Per,” originally published in eight volumes), in which the chief character bears some resemblance to Pontoppidan himself. He is a clergyman's son who rebels against the puritanical atmosphere of his home and seeks his fortune in the capital as an engineer. The novel's theme is the power of environment, and national tendencies toward daydreaming and fear of reality are condemned.Pontoppidan's great novel De dødes rige, 5 vol. (1912–16; “The Realm of the Dead”), shows his dissatisfaction with political developments after the liberal victory of 1901 and with the barrenness of the new era. His final novel, Mands Himmerig (1927; “Man's Heaven”), describes neutral Denmark during World War I and attacks carefree materialism. His last important work was the four volumes of memoirs that he published between 1933 and 1940 and that appeared in a collected and abridged version, entitled Undervejs til mig selv (1943; “On the Way to Myself”).Additional ReadingP.M. Mitchell, Henrik Pontoppidan (1984), provides an introduction to Pontoppidan's life and work.
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Pontoppidan, Henrik — (1857 1943) A Danish novelist and short story writer, Pontoppidan came from a staunchly Lutheran background, against which he rebelled with gusto. After studying engineering and teaching at a folk high school, he published the short story… … Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater
Pontoppidan, Henrik — ► (1857 1943) Novelista danés. Autor de Pedro el Afortunado. Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1917, compartido con Gjellerup. * * * (24 jul. 1857 Fredericia, Dinamarca–21 ago. 1943 Ordrup, cerca de Copenhagen). Escritor danés de novelas y… … Enciclopedia Universal
Pontoppidan,Henrik — Pon·top·pi·dan (pŏn tŏpʹĭ dăn , dän ), Henrik. 1857 1943. Danish writer known for his three novel series The Promised Land (1891 1895). He shared the 1917 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * … Universalium
Pontoppidan — Pontoppidan, Henrik … Enciclopedia Universal
Henrik Pontoppidan — (* 24. Juli 1857 in Fredericia; † 21. August 1943 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henrik Pontoppidan — Henrik Pontoppidan. Henrik Pontoppidan (n. Fredericia, Dinamarca, 24 de julio de 1857 † Copenhague, 21 de agosto de 1943). Novelista danés, ganador del Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1917. Contenido … Wikipedia Español
Henrik Pontoppidan — (24 juillet 1857 – 21 août 1943) est un écrivain réaliste danois. Il est issu d une famille ancienne dont un ancêtre au XVIIème siècle avait pris le nom latinisé de Pontoppidan parce qu il était régisseur du domaine de Broby (bro = pons, by =… … Wikipédia en Français
PONTOPPIDAN (H.) — PONTOPPIDAN HENRIK (1857 1943) L’un des paradoxes qu’impose l’étude de l’œuvre de Pontoppidan, romancier danois qui se définissait lui même comme «un simple soldat dans l’éternelle lutte pour la libération de l’esprit humain», est qu’il ait pu… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Pontóppidan — Pontóppidan, Henrik, dän. Romanschriftsteller, geb. 24. Juli 1857 in Fredericia; schrieb: »Mimoser« (1887), »Muld« (1891), »Den gamle Adam« (1894), »Der forjœttede Land« (1893) u.a … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Henrik Pontoppidan — Infobox writer name = Henrik Pontoppidan imagesize = 150px birthdate = birth date|1857|7|24|mf=y birthplace = Fredericia, Denmark deathdate = death date and age|1943|8|21|1857|7|24|mf=y deathplace = Charlottenlund nationality = Danish genre =… … Wikipedia