Plekhanov, Georgy (Valentinovich)


Plekhanov, Georgy (Valentinovich)
born Dec. 11, 1856, Gudalovka, Russia
died May 30, 1918, Terioki, Fin.

Russian Marxist theorist.

From 1874 he was active in the Populist movement and became a leader of the Land and Freedom group (1877–80). To avoid arrest, he went into a long exile in Geneva (1880–1917). In 1883 he founded the first Russian Marxian revolutionary organization, Liberation of Labour, which became the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (1898). In Socialism and Political Struggle (1883) and Our Differences (1885), he described a two-phase revolutionary scheme that influenced Russian Marxist thought. Followers in the 1890s included Vladimir Ilich Lenin. After the party split (1903), Plekhanov joined the Mensheviks but spent years trying to reunite the party. He supported the Allies in World War I and opposed the Bolshevik seizure of power. After returning briefly to Russia in 1917, he died in exile in Finland.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Plekhanov, Georgy Valentinovich — ▪ Russian revolutionary Introduction born November 29 [December 11, New Style], 1856, Gudalovka, Russia died May 17 [May 30], 1918, Terioki, Finland [now Zelenogorsk, Russia]       Marxist theorist, the founder and for many years the leading… …   Universalium

  • Georgy — (as used in expressions) Georgy Melitonovich Balanchivadze Chicherin Georgy Vasilyevich Georgy Antonovich Gamov Lvov Georgy Yevgenyevich Prince Malenkov Georgy Maksimilianovich Plekhanov Georgy Valentinovich Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich * * * …   Universalium

  • Plekhanov — biographical name Georgy Valentinovich 1857 1918 Russian Marxist philosopher …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Plekhanov — /pli kah nawf, nof/; Russ. /plyi khah neuhf/, n. Georgi (or Georgy) Valentinovich /gyi awrdd gyee veuh lyin tyee neuh vyich/, 1857 1918, Russian philosopher and leader of the Mensheviks. * * * …   Universalium

  • Plekhanov — /pli kah nawf, nof/; Russ. /plyi khah neuhf/, n. Georgi (or Georgy) Valentinovich /gyi awrdd gyee veuh lyin tyee neuh vyich/, 1857 1918, Russian philosopher and leader of the Mensheviks …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lenin, Vladimir Ilich — ▪ prime minister of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction original name  Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov  born April 10 [April 22, New Style], 1870, Simbirsk, Russia died Jan. 21, 1924, Gorki [later Gorki Leninskiye], near Moscow  founder of… …   Universalium

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  • Labour, Liberation of — ▪ Russian Marxist organization also called  Emancipation of Labour , Russian  Osvobozhdenye Truda        first Russian Marxist organization, founded in September 1883 in Geneva, by Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov (Plekhanov, Georgy Valentinovich)… …   Universalium

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