died 182 BC, Messene, MesseniaGeneral of the Achaean League.Elected federal cavalry commander (с 210) and general of the league (208–207, 206–205, 201–200), he won victories against the Aetolians and the Spartans, using Macedonian armour and tactics. In his fourth generalship (193–192) he failed against the Spartans by sea but crushed their army on land. The Roman Flamininus stopped his capture of Sparta, but when the Spartan leader was assassinated Philopoemen added that state to the confederation. He was captured when Messene rebelled and given poison.
* * *▪ Greek generalborn c. 252 BC, Megalopolis, Arcadiadied 182, Messene, Messeniageneral of the Achaean League notable for his restoration of Achaean military efficiency.He was trained to a career of arms by the Academic philosophers Ecdelus and Demophanes. After spending some 10 years as a mercenary leader in Crete, he returned to Achaea and was elected federal cavalry commander for 210/209, when his reorganized cavalry defeated the Aetolians on the Elean frontier. As general of the confederation for 208/207 he introduced heavier Macedonian armour and phalanx tactics and crushed the Spartans under Machanidas at Mantineia (207). General again in 206/205 and 201/200, he expelled Nabis of Sparta from Messene and routed him at Tegea. In a fourth generalship (193/192) he failed against Nabis by sea but almost annihilated his army near Gythium. The Roman general Flamininus prevented his taking Sparta, but on Nabis' assassination (192) Philopoemen incorporated it in the confederation. Henceforth he dominated Achaean policy, but, when Messene rebelled, he was taken in a skirmish and given poison (182). Plutarch relates his life.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Philopoemen — (in Greek, Φιλοποίμην, transliterated as Philopoimen), (b. 253 BC, Megalopolis d. 183 BC, Messene) was a skilled Greek general and statesman, who was Achaean Strategos on eight occasions.From the time he was appointed as strategos in 209 BC,… … Wikipedia
PHILOPOEMEN — Megalopolitanus, Dux Achaeorum praestantissimus, Lacedaemonios, et Messenios multis cladibus afflixit. Fortis et eruditus, Graecorum ultimus. Fuerat discipulus Ecdemi et Diophanti Philosophi. Primum sortitudinis specimen edidit in ex pugnatione… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Philopoemen — Philopœmen Philopœmen blessé, David d Angers, 1837, musée du Louvre Philopœmen, en grec ancien Φιλοποίμην / Philopoímên, né à Megalopolis vers … Wikipédia en Français
ФИЛОПЕМЕН — • Philopoemen, Φιλοποίμην, родился в 253 г. до Р. X., полководец Ахейского союза, упоминается впервые, когда спартанец Клеомен III (222) завоевал его родной город Мегалополь, причем он, имея тогда 30 лет, был в числе тех, которые… … Реальный словарь классических древностей
Achaean League — The Achaean League (Ἀχαϊκὴ Συμμαχία) or (Ἀχαϊκὴ Συμπολιτεία) was a confederation of Greek city states in Achaea, a territory on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. An initial confederation existed during the 5th through the 4th century BC.The… … Wikipedia
192 BC — NOTOC EventsBy placeGreece* The Achaeans respond to Sparta s renewed interest in recovering lost territory by sending an envoy to Rome with a request for help. In response, the Roman Senate sends the praetor Atilius with a navy, as well as an… … Wikipedia
Nabis — For other uses, see Nabis (disambiguation). Coin of Nabis of Sparta claiming to be king; legend reads ΒΑΙΛΕΟΣ (Doric Greek for βασιλέως, genitive of βασιλεύς) and ΝΑΒΙΟΣ (Νάβιος is Doric Greek for Νάβιδος, genitive of Νάβις) Nabis (Ancient… … Wikipedia
War against Nabis — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=War against Nabis caption=The Southern Peloponessus date= 195 BC place=Laconia and Argolid territory=Argos to the Achaean League, Laconian coastal cities become independent under Achean protection as Union of… … Wikipedia
Confédération achéenne — Ligue achéenne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ligue. La Ligue achéenne (en grec ancien τὸ Ἀχαϊκόν / tò Achaïkón) est une confédération de villes d Achaïe, sur la côte nord est du Péloponnèse. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Ligue Achéenne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ligue. La Ligue achéenne (en grec ancien τὸ Ἀχαϊκόν / tò Achaïkón) est une confédération de villes d Achaïe, sur la côte nord est du Péloponnèse. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français