Perrault, Charles


Perrault, Charles
born Jan. 12, 1628, Paris, France
died May 15/16, 1703, Paris

French poet, prose writer, and storyteller.

Perrault began to win a literary reputation с 1660 with light verse and love poetry. He is best remembered for his collection of charming fairy stories written to amuse his children, Contes de ma mère l'oye, or Tales of Mother Goose (1697; see Mother Goose). He spent the rest of his life promoting the study of literature and the arts. A leading member of the Académie Française, he was involved in a famous controversy with Nicholas Boileau on the relative merits of ancient and modern literature; his support for the modern was of landmark significance in the revolt against the constraints of prevailing tradition.

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▪ French author

born Jan. 12, 1628, Paris, France
died May 15/16, 1703, Paris
 French poet, prose writer, and storyteller, a leading member of the Académie Française, who played a prominent part in a literary controversy known as the quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns. He is best remembered for his collection of fairy stories for children, Contes de ma mère l'oye (1697; Tales of Mother Goose). He was the brother of the physician and amateur architect Claude Perrault (Perrault, Claude).

      A lawyer by training, Charles Perrault first worked as an official in charge of royal buildings. He began to win a literary reputation in about 1660 with some light verse and love poetry and spent the rest of his life in promoting the study of literature and the arts. In 1671 he was elected to the Académie Française, which soon was sharply divided by the dispute between the Ancients and the Moderns. Perrault supported the Moderns, who believed that, as civilization progresses, literature evolves with it and that therefore ancient literature is inevitably more coarse and barbarous than modern literature. His poem Le Siècle de Louis le Grand (1687; “The Age of Louis the Great”) set such modern writers as Molière and François de Malherbe (Malherbe, François de) above the Classical authors of Greece and Rome. His chief opponent in this controversy was Nicolas Boileau (Boileau, Nicolas). Perrault's stand was a landmark in the eventually successful revolt against the confines of the prevailing tradition.

      Perrault's fairy stories in Mother Goose were written to amuse his children. They include “Little Red Riding Hood,” “The Sleeping Beauty,” “Puss in Boots,” and “Bluebeard,” modern versions of half-forgotten folk tales, which Perrault retold in a style that is simple and free from affectation.

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Universalium. 2010.

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