Paul, Saint

Paul, Saint

born AD 10?, Tarsus in Cilicia
died 67?, Rome

Early Christian missionary and theologian, known as the Apostle to the Gentiles.

Born a Jew in Tarsus, Asia Minor, he was trained as a rabbi but earned his living as a tentmaker. A zealous Pharisee, he persecuted the first Christians until a vision of Jesus, experienced while on the road to Damascus, converted him to Christianity. Three years later he met St. Peter and Jesus' brother James and was henceforth recognized as the 13th Apostle. From his base in Antioch, he traveled widely, preaching to the Gentiles. By asserting that non-Jewish disciples of Christ did not have to observe Jewish law, he helped to establish Christianity as a separate religion rather than a Jewish sect. On a journey to Jerusalem, he aroused such hostility among the Jews that a mob gathered, and he was arrested and imprisoned for two years. The circumstances of his death are unknown. Paul's ministry and religious views are known largely from his letters, or epistles, collected in the New Testament, which are the first Christian theological writing and the source of much Christian doctrine. It was due to Paul more than anyone else that Christianity became a world religion.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • PAUL (saint) — Dans sa personne comme dans sa pensée, Paul fut et demeure encore aujourd’hui la figure la plus discutée du christianisme. Son autorité d’apôtre elle même fut âprement contestée jusqu’au sein des communautés chrétiennes qu’il venait de fonder… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Paul, Saint — • The great Apostle to the Gentiles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Paul, Saint —    Paul was born to Jewish parents who named him Saul and he was educated by the rabbi Gamaliel. As a native of Tarsus, now Turkey, he was considered a Roman citizen. He became a radical persecutor of Christians and, on his way to Damascus to… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Paul,Saint — Paul (pôl), Saint. A.D. 5? 67?. Apostle to the Gentiles whose life and teachings are set forth in his epistles and the Acts of the Apostles.   Paulʹine ( īn, ēn) adj. * * * …   Universalium

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