Pasolini, Pier Paolo


Pasolini, Pier Paolo
born March 5, 1922, Bologna, Italy
died Nov. 2, 1975, Ostia, near Rome

Italian film director, poet, and novelist.

He wrote novels about Rome's slum life as well as a significant body of poetry. Pasolini became a screenwriter in the mid-1950s, collaborating most notably on Federico Fellini's Nights of Cabiria (1956). His directorial debut, Accattone (1961), was based on his novel A Violent Life (1959). His best-known film, stylistically unorthodox and implicitly radical, is perhaps The Gospel According to Saint Matthew (1964). Later films include Oedipus Rex (1967), Teorema (1968), Medea (1969), The Canterbury Tales (1972), and The Arabian Nights (1974), which won a special jury prize at Cannes. His use of eroticism, violence, and depravity were criticized by Italian religious authorities.

* * *

▪ Italian author and director
born March 5, 1922, Bologna, Italy
died Nov. 2, 1975, Ostia, near Rome
 Italian motion-picture director, poet, and novelist, noted for his socially critical, stylistically unorthodox films.

      The son of an Italian army officer, Pasolini was educated in schools of the various cities of northern Italy where his father was successively posted. He attended the University of Bologna, studying art history and literature. Pasolini's stay of refuge among the oppressed peasantry of the Friuli region during World War II led to his later becoming a Marxist, albeit an unorthodox one. His poverty-stricken existence in Rome during the 1950s furnished the material for his first two novels, Ragazzi di vita (1955; The Ragazzi) and Una vita violenta (1959; A Violent Life). These brutally realistic depictions of the poverty and squalor of slum life in Rome were similar in character to his first film, Accattone (1961), and all three works dealt with the lives of thieves, prostitutes, and other denizens of the Roman underworld.

      Pasolini's best known film, Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (1964; The Gospel According to Saint Matthew), is an austere, documentary-style retelling of the life and martyrdom of Jesus Christ. The comic allegory Uccellacci e Uccellini (1966; The Hawks and the Sparrows) was followed by two films attempting to re-create ancient myths from a contemporary viewpoint, Oedipus Rex (1967) and Medea (1969). Pasolini's use of eroticism, violence, and depravity as vehicles for his political and religious speculations in such films as Teorema (1968; “Theorem”) and Porcile (1969; “Pigsty”) brought him into conflict with conservative elements of the Roman Catholic Church. He then ventured into medieval eroticism with Il Decamerone (1971) and The Canterbury Tales (1972). In addition to his motion pictures, Pasolini published numerous volumes of poetry and several works of literary criticism.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pasolini,Pier Paolo — Pa·so·li·ni (pä sō leʹne), Pier Paolo. 1922 1975. Italian writer and director whose films, including The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964) and The Decameron (1971), reflect on religion, class, and sexuality. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (1922 1975)    Poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, film director. Although he would become one of the foremost directors to emerge in the second wave of postwar Italian cinema in the early 1960s, Pasolini came to cinema relatively late …   Guide to cinema

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (1922 1975)    Poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, film director. Although he would become one of the foremost directors to emerge in the second wave of postwar Italian cinema in the early 1960s, Pasolini came to cinema relatively late …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (1922–1975)    Director, novelist, poet, and critic, Pierpaolo Pasolini was born and educated in Bologna and studied first art history and then (after an interlude in which he was drafted into the Italian army) modern literature. After graduating …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — • ПАЗОЛИ НИ (Pasolini) Пьер Паоло (5.3.1922 2.11.1975)    итал. режиссёр, сценарист, теоретик кино. Окончил Болонский ун т. В 50 х гг. получил известность как прогрес. писатель, публицист и поэт. В 1954 62 участвовал в создании 15 сц. ф., в т. ч …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — ► (1922 75) Escritor y director cinematográfico italiano. Luchó para la revalorización de la creación popular como expresión de la realidad. En su poesía destacan Diarios de P. P. Pasolini (1945) y ¿Dónde está mi patria? (1949), entre otras. Obra …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo —  (1922–1975) Italian writer, actor, and film director …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (Bologna 1922 Roma 1975) scrittore, saggista e poeta ; regista cinematografico; anima delle riviste “Officina” e “Nuovi Argomenti”. collab./opere: “Paragone”, “Il Mondo”, “Giovedì”, “Il Punto”, “Tempo” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Pier-Paolo Pasolini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pasolini (homonymie). Pier Paolo Pasolini …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pier Paolo Pasolini — (* 5. März 1922 in Bologna; † 2. November 1975 in Ostia) war ein italienischer Filmregisseur, Dichter und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Kindheit und Jugend …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.