Pachelbel, Johann


Pachelbel, Johann
(baptized Sept. 1, 1653, Nürnberg
died March 3, 1706, Nürnberg) German composer and organist.

Conservative musically, he was friendly with Dietrich Buxtehude and was the teacher of Johann Christoph Bach, who later gave lessons to his younger brother Johann Sebastian Bach. Though he wrote a huge amount of music, of which his organ chorale variations and Magnificat settings are especially remarkable, he is principally known today for a single piece, the extremely popular Canon in D Major, which he may not have written.

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▪ German composer
baptized September 1, 1653, Nürnberg
died March 3, 1706, Nürnberg

      German composer known for his works for organ and one of the great organ masters of the generation before J.S. Bach.

      Pachelbel studied music at Altdorf and Regensburg and held posts as organist in Vienna, Stuttgart, and other cities. In 1695 he was appointed organist at the St. Sebalduskirche in Nürnberg, where he remained until his death. He also taught organ, and one of his pupils was Johann Christoph Bach, who in turn gave his younger brother Johann Sebastian Bach (Bach, Johann Sebastian) his first formal keyboard lessons.

      All Pachelbel's work is in a contrapuntally simple style. His organ compositions show a knowledge of Italian forms derived from Frescobaldi through J.J. Froberger. Of special importance are his chorale preludes (chorale prelude), which did much to establish the chorale melodies of Protestant northern Germany in the more lyrical musical atmosphere of the Catholic south. His popular Canon in D Major was written for three violins and continuo and was followed by a gigue in the same key. His son, Wilhelm Hieronymous Pachelbel, was also an organist and composer.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pachelbel, Johann — (baptized 1 September 1653, Nuremberg, Germany – buried 9 March 1706, Nuremberg)    He served as organist at the Pridigerkirche at Erfurt from 19 June 1678 to 15 August 1690. After two short term positions in Würtemberg and Gotha, he was invited… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

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  • Johann Pachelbel — Johann Christoph Pachelbel Naissance 1er septembre 1653 Nuremberg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johann Christoph Pachelbel — Johann Pachelbel (IPA: [ˈpaxɛlbl̩, ˈpaxl̩bɛl, paˈxɛlbl̩]) (* August 1653 in Nürnberg; † 3. März 1706 ebenda) war ein deutscher Komponist des Barock. Neben seiner Tätigkeit als Komponist war Pachelbel Organist unter anderem in Wien, Eisenach,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • PACHELBEL (J.) — PACHELBEL JOHANN (1653 1706) Organiste et compositeur allemand né et mort à Nuremberg. Pachelbel se forme à Ratisbonne auprès de Kaspar Prentz, puis à la cathédrale Saint Étienne de Vienne avec Johann Kaspar Kerrl; il occupe des postes à Eisenach …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721) — was Johann Sebastian Bach s eldest brother. He studied at Erfurt under Johann Pachelbel, and his library of keyboard music included works by Pachelbel, Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Kaspar Kerll. In 1690 he became organist at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Christian Kittel — (* 1732 und getauft am 18. Februar 1732 in Erfurt; † 17. April 1809 ebenda) war ein deutscher Organist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pachelbel — Pachelbel, Johann, Organist, geb. 1. Sept. 1653 in Nürnberg, gest. daselbst 3. März 1706, wirkte in Wien, Eisenach, Stuttgart, Gotha und Nürnberg und ist einer der wesentlichsten Förderer des Orgelstils vor Seb. Bach. Seine Orgel und Klavierwerke …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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