- Oxford, Provisions of
(1258) Plan of reform accepted by Henry III of England.On the verge of bankruptcy, Henry asked Parliament for a grant of revenue and agreed in return to a program of reform drafted by a royal commission. Regarded as England's first written constitution, the Provisions placed the government under the direction of the king and a 15-member baronial council, provided for Parliament to meet three times a year, and reformed local administration. They were annulled by the Dictum of Kenilworth (1266).
* * *▪ English history(1258), in English history, a plan of reform accepted by Henry III, in return for the promise of financial aid from his barons. It can be regarded as England's first written constitution.Henry, bankrupted by a foolish venture in Sicily, summoned Parliament in the spring of 1258 (the Easter Parliament, or the so-called Mad Parliament). In return for a badly needed grant of revenue, Henry grudgingly agreed to abide by a program of reform to be formulated by a 24-man royal commission, half of whom were to be chosen by the king, half by the baronial party. The report of the commission (issued c. June 10) is known as the Provisions of Oxford.The Provisions, confirmed by an oath of “community” of the magnates, were to remain in effect for 12 years and provide the machinery through which the necessary reforms could be accomplished. The government was placed under the joint direction of the king and a 15-member baronial council that was to advise the king on all important matters. All high officers of the realm were to swear allegiance to the king and the council. Parliament was to meet three times a year to consult on further reforms. A justiciar was appointed (for the first time since 1234) to oversee local administration, and the majority of sheriffs were replaced by knights holding land in the shires that they administered.Annulled by papal bulls in 1261 and 1262 and by Louis IX of France in the Mise of Amiens (January 1264), the Provisions were restored by baronial action in 1263 and, in modified form, in 1264 but finally annulled by the Dictum of Kenilworth (October 1266).
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OXFORD (PROVISIONS D’) — OXFORD PROVISIONS D’ (1258) Ensemble de textes législatifs et de mémoires rédigés par un comité de vingt quatre membres réunis en parlement pour réformer le royaume et dont la moitié était nommée par le roi, l’autre par les grands féodaux.… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Oxford, Provisions of — These were set down at the parliament held at Oxford, June 1258. There was agreement between Henry III and the barons to reform royal powers in 1258 and to cut through bureaucracy esp. regarding writs in common law which were stifled by *chancery … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
oxford — /oks feuhrd/, n. 1. Also called Oxford shoe, Oxford tie. a low shoe laced over the instep. 2. Also called oxford cloth. a cotton or synthetic fabric, in plain, twill, or basket weave, constructed on a pattern of two fine yarns woven as one… … Universalium
Oxford — /oks feuhrd/, n. 1. 1st Earl of. See Harley, Robert. 2. a city in S Oxfordshire, in S England, NW of London: university, founded in 12th century. 116,600. 3. Oxfordshire. 4. a town in SW Ohio. 17,655. 5. a town in S Massachusetts. 11,680. 6. a… … Universalium
Provisions d’Oxford — Provisions d Oxford Instituées en 1258 par un groupe de barons dirigés par Simon V de Montfort, 6e comte de Leicester, les Provisions d Oxford sont souvent considérées comme la première constitution anglaise. Les Provisions forcèrent le roi Henry … Wikipédia en Français
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Provisions of Westminster — Die Provisions of Oxford (deutsch: Bestimmungen von Oxford bzw. Provisionen von Oxford) vom Juni 1258 und die Provisions of Westminster von 1259 waren ein Reformprogramm, das dem englischen Hochadel weitgehende Rechte gegenüber dem König und zur… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Provisions of Oxford — The Provisions of Oxford were installed in 1258 by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester; these documents are often regarded as England s first written constitution. The provisions forced King Henry III of England to… … Wikipedia
Provisions of Oxford — Die Provisions of Oxford (deutsch: Bestimmungen von Oxford bzw. Provisionen von Oxford) vom Juni 1258 und die Provisions of Westminster von 1259 waren ein Reformprogramm, das dem englischen Hochadel weitgehende Rechte gegenüber dem König und zur… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Provisions of Westminster — The Provisions of Westminster of 1259 were part of a series of legislative constitutional reforms which arose out of power struggles between Henry III of England and his barons. The king s failed campaigns in France (in 1230 and 1242), and his… … Wikipedia