Otto, Nikolaus August


Otto, Nikolaus August
born June 10, 1832, Holzhausen, Nassau
died Jan. 26, 1891, Cologne, Ger.

German engineer who developed the four-stroke internal-combustion engine.

He built his first gasoline-powered engine in 1861, and in 1876 he built an internal-combustion engine using the four-stroke cycle (four strokes of the piston for each explosion), which offered the first practical alternative to the steam engine as a power source. Though the four-stroke cycle was patented in 1862 by Alphonse Beau de Rochas (1815–93), it is commonly known as the Otto cycle since Otto was the first to build such an engine.

* * *

▪ German engineer
born June 10, 1832, Holzhausen, Nassau
died Jan. 26, 1891, Cologne
 German engineer who developed the four-stroke internal-combustion engine, which offered the first practical alternative to the steam engine as a power source.

      Otto built his first gasoline-powered engine in 1861. Three years later he formed a partnership with the German industrialist Eugen Langen (Langen, Eugen), and together they developed an improved engine that won a gold medal at the Paris Exposition of 1867.

      In 1876 Otto built an internal-combustion engine utilizing the four-stroke cycle (four strokes of the piston for each ignition). The four-stroke cycle was patented in 1862 by the French engineer Alphonse Beau de Rochas (Beau de Rochas, Alphonse), but since Otto was the first to build an engine based upon this principle, it is commonly known as the Otto cycle. Because of its reliability, its efficiency, and its relative quietness, Otto's engine was an immediate success. More than 30,000 of them were built during the next 10 years, but in 1886 Otto's patent was revoked when Beau de Rochas' earlier patent was brought to light.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Otto, Nikolaus August — (10 jun. 1832, Holzhausen, Nassau, Alemania–26 ene. 1891, Colonia). Ingeniero alemán que desarrolló el motor de combustión interna de cuatro tiempos. En 1861 construyó su primer motor alimentado con gasolina y en 1876 fabricó un motor de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nikolaus August Otto — Nikolaus Otto Nikolaus Otto Naissance 14 juin 1832 Holzhausen Décès 28 janvi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nikolaus August Otto — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Η Gaskraftmaschine του 1876 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nikolaus August Otto — (1832 1891) var en tysk ingeniør som opfandt 4 takts forbrændingsmotoren, det første alternativ til dampmaskinen. Ottos motor muliggjorde konstruktion af automobiler, motorbåde, motorcykler og fly …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Nikolaus August Otto — Nicolaus August Otto Nicolaus August Otto (* 10. Juni 1832[1] in Holzhausen an der Haide/Taunus; † 26. Januar 1891 in Köln) war ein Autodidakt und der Erfinder des nach ihm benannten Ottomotors. Er absolvierte nie ein Hoc …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikolaus Otto — Naissance 14 juin 1832 Holzhausen Décès 28 janvier  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Otto-Motor — Leistungsstarker Ottomotor: DTM V6 Rennmotor von 1996. Der Ottomotor ist ein nach Nikolaus August Otto benannter Verbrennungsmotor, bei dem der Kraftstoff während des Ansaugvorganges in die angesaugte Luft eingebracht wird, was ein zündfähiges… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto-Motoren — Leistungsstarker Ottomotor: DTM V6 Rennmotor von 1996. Der Ottomotor ist ein nach Nikolaus August Otto benannter Verbrennungsmotor, bei dem der Kraftstoff während des Ansaugvorganges in die angesaugte Luft eingebracht wird, was ein zündfähiges… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto — Debido al alemán Nikolaus August Otto que adoptó las ideas de Alphonse Beau de Rochas, quien, en 1862, propuso un ciclo de cuatro tiempos para solucionar el problema de falta de potencia de los motores de explosión. Otto fabricó eficientes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • otto — /ot oh/, n. attar (def. 1). * * * (as used in expressions) Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold prince von Dix Otto Graham Otto Everett Jr. Hahn Otto Jansen Cornelius Otto Jespersen Jens Otto Harry Klemperer Otto Kuusinen Otto Vilhelm Liman von Sanders… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.