Oswald, Lee Harvey


Oswald, Lee Harvey
born Oct. 18, 1939, New Orleans, La., U.S.
died Nov. 24, 1963, Dallas, Texas

Accused assassin of Pres.

John F. Kennedy. While serving in the U.S. Marines (1956–59) he began to express pro-Soviet and politically radical views. Shortly after his discharge he moved to the Soviet Union, where he unsuccessfully tried to become a Soviet citizen. He returned to the U.S. in 1962 with his Russian wife and daughter but retained his radical political beliefs. In April 1963 he allegedly shot at but missed Edwin Walker, an ultrarightist retired general. In October he took a job at the Texas School Book Depository in Dallas. On Nov. 22, 1963, from a window on its sixth floor, he allegedly fired three shots that killed Kennedy and wounded Gov. John B. Connally while the two men were riding in the president's motorcade. Oswald killed a patrolman who had detained him, but he was soon captured and arraigned. On November 24, while being transferred to an interrogation office, he was fatally shot by Jack Ruby, a nightclub owner.

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▪ American assassin
born Oct. 18, 1939, New Orleans, La., U.S.
died Nov. 24, 1963, Dallas, Texas

      accused assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy (Kennedy, John F.) in Dallas on Nov. 22, 1963. He himself was fatally shot two days later by Jack Ruby (1911–67) in the Dallas County Jail. A special President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy (Warren Commission), headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren, investigated from Nov. 29, 1963, to Sept. 24, 1964, and concluded that Oswald alone had fired the shots killing Kennedy and that there was no evidence that either Oswald or Ruby had been part of any conspiracy. In January 1979 a special U.S. House of Representatives Assassinations Committee, after a two-year investigation, reported that a second assassin may also have fired a shot and that there may have been a conspiracy. The evidence has remained highly debatable.

      Oswald was born two months after his father's death; his mother subsequently remarried for three years, but the family moved frequently between 1939 and 1956. In October 1956 Oswald dropped out of high school and joined the U.S. Marines. A competent sharpshooter but an indifferent marine, he began expressing pro-Soviet and politically radical views and, on a hardship plea, secured release from the corps on Sept. 11, 1959. Nine days later he left for the Soviet Union, where he tried unsuccessfully to become a citizen.

      In Minsk, where he was assigned to work, he met and married (April 30, 1961) Marina Nikolayevna Prusakova. Thirteen months later, in June 1962, he was able to return to the United States with his wife and three-month-old daughter, June Lee.

      In January 1963 Oswald bought a .38 revolver and, in March, a rifle and telescopic sight, through the mails. On April 10 in Dallas he allegedly shot at but missed an ultrarightist, Edwin A. Walker, a former army general. Later that month he left his wife with a friend in Dallas and went to New Orleans, where he set up a one-man branch of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee and distributed pro-Castro leaflets. In September he went to Mexico City, where, according to the Warren Commission, he tried vainly to get a visa for Cuba and to get Soviet permission to return to the U.S.S.R. In October he returned to Dallas and secured a job at the Texas School Book Depository.

 At 12:30 PM on Nov. 22, 1963, from a window on the sixth floor of the depository building, Oswald, using his mail-order rifle, allegedly fired three shots that killed President Kennedy and wounded Texas Governor John B. Connally in an open-car motorcade in Dealey Plaza. Oswald took a bus and a taxi to his rooming house, departed, and about a mile away was stopped by Patrolman J.D. Tippit, who believed that Oswald resembled the suspect already being described over the police radio. Oswald killed Tippit with his mail-order revolver (1:15 PM). At about 1:45 PM Oswald was seized in the Texas Theatre by police officers responding to reports of a suspect. At 1:30 AM on November 23 he was formally arraigned for the murder of President Kennedy.

      On the morning of November 24, while being transferred from a jail cell to an interrogation office, Oswald was shot by a Dallas nightclub owner, Jack Ruby, acting allegedly out of rage and anguish over the death of the president. Ruby was tried and found guilty of murder (March 14, 1964) and sentenced to death. In October 1966 a Texas appeals court reversed the conviction, but, before a new trial could be held, Ruby died of a blood clot, complicated by cancer (Jan. 3, 1967).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Oswald, Lee Harvey — (18 oct. 1939, Nueva Orleans, La., EE.UU.–24 nov. 1963, Dallas, Texas). Presunto asesino del pdte. John F. Kennedy. Cuando estuvo en la infantería de marina (1956–59) comenzó a manifestar opiniones pro soviéticas y políticamente radicales. Poco… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Lee Harvey Oswald — Lee Harvey Oswald. Lee Harvey Oswald (Nueva Orleans, Luisiana, 18 de octubre de 1939 Dallas, Texas, 24 de noviembre de 1963) es, según las tres investigaciones realizadas por el gobierno de los Estados Unidos, el único autor de los disparos que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lee Harvey Oswald — This article is about the life of Lee Harvey Oswald. For discussion of Oswald and the assassination of John F. Kennedy, see Assassination of John F. Kennedy and John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories. Lee Harvey Oswald Lee Harvey… …   Wikipedia

  • Lee Harvey Oswald — noun United States assassin of President John F. Kennedy (1939 1963) • Syn: ↑Oswald • Instance Hypernyms: ↑assassin, ↑assassinator, ↑bravo * * * Lee Harvey Oswald [Lee Harvey Oswald …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lee Harvey Oswald — nach der Verhaftung Lee Harvey Oswald (* 18. Oktober 1939 in New Orleans, Louisiana; † 24. November 1963 in Dallas, Texas) gilt als Mörder des amerikanischen Präsidenten John F. Ken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Lee Harvey Oswald — (18 de octubre, 1939 – 24 de noviembre, 1963), según la Comisión Warren (1964), sería el único autor de los disparos que provocaron la muerte del Presidente John F. Kennedy, la House Select Committee on Assassinations, a finales de los 70,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lee Harvey Oswald — ➡ Oswald * * * …   Universalium


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