Ordzhonikidze, Grigory (Konstantinovich)

Ordzhonikidze, Grigory (Konstantinovich)
born Oct. 24, 1886, Goresha, Russia
died Feb. 18, 1937, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

Russian communist leader.

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he became chairman of the Caucasian bureau (1921) and helped the Red Army conquer Georgia, forcing its merger with Armenia and Azerbaijan into the Transcaucasian Federal Republic and then into the Soviet Union. He became a member of the Politburo (1930) and commissar for heavy industry (1932), but in the mid-1930s he opposed Joseph Stalin's industrial policy. His sudden death was ascribed to natural causes, but Nikita Khrushchev later charged (1956) that Stalin had driven him to suicide.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ordzhonikidze, Grigory Konstantinovich — ▪ Soviet government official byname  Sergo   born Oct. 12 [Oct. 24, New Style], 1886, Goresha, Russia died Feb. 18, 1937, Moscow       communist leader who played a major role in bringing Georgia under Soviet rule and in industrializing the… …   Universalium

  • Konstantinovich — (as used in expressions) Glazunov Aleksandr Konstantinovich Ordzhonikidze Grigory Konstantinovich Plehve Vyacheslav Konstantinovich Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich Tolstoy Aleksey Konstantinovich Count Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich * * * …   Universalium

  • Grigory — (as used in expressions) Ordzhonikidze Grigory Konstantinovich Orlov Grigory Grigoryevich Count Potemkin Grigory Aleksandrovich Rasputin Grigory Yefimovich Grigory Yefimovich Novykh Zinovyev Grigory Yevseyevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Sergó Ordzhonikidze — Para otros usos de este término, véase Ordzhonikidze (desambiguación). Sergo Ordzhonikidze Grigory Konstantinovich Ordzhonikidze (georgiano: გრიგოლ (სერგო) ორჯონიკიძე Grigol (Sergo) Orjonikidze, ruso: Григорий Константинович Орджоникидзе),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georgia — /jawr jeuh/, n. 1. a state in the SE United States. 5,464,265; 58,876 sq. mi. (152,489 sq. km). Cap.: Atlanta. Abbr.: GA (for use with zip code), Ga. 2. Also called Georgian Republic. a republic in Transcaucasia, bordering on the Black Sea, N of… …   Universalium

  • Ορτζονικίτζε, Γρηγόριος Κωνσταντίνοβιτς — (Grigory Konstantinovich Ordzhonikidze, 1886 – 1937). Σοβιετικός πολιτικός. Οπαδός του Λένιν, πήρε δραστήρια μέρος στην επανάσταση του Καυκάσου (1905 1907). Για την επαναστατική του δράση συνελήφθη πολλές φορές από τη τσαρική αστυνομία και… …   Dictionary of Greek

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