Oppenheimer, J(ulius) Robert

Oppenheimer, J(ulius) Robert
born , April 22, 1904, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Feb. 18, 1967, Princeton, N.J.

U.S. theoretical physicist.

He graduated from Harvard University, did research at Cambridge University, and earned a doctorate from Göttingen University. He returned to the U.S. to teach at the California Institute of Technology (1929–47). His research focused on energy processes of subatomic particles, and he trained a generation of American physicists. In World War II he was named director of the army's atomic-bomb project, later known as the Manhattan Project, and set up the laboratory in Los Alamos, N.M., that remains a principal weapons-research laboratory. He directed the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (1947–66). He strongly opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb, and in 1953 he was suspended from secret nuclear research as an alleged communist sympathizer and a security risk; the case, which pitted him against Edward Teller, became a worldwide cause célèbre. In 1963 he was reinstated and awarded the Enrico Fermi Award.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oppenheimer, J(ulius)Robert — Op·pen·hei·mer (ŏpʹən hī mər), J(ulius) Robert. 1902 1967. American physicist who directed the Los Alamos, New Mexico, laboratory during the development of the first atomic bomb (1942 1945). * * * …   Universalium

  • Oppenheimer, J(ulius) Robert — (22 abr. 1904, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–18 feb. 1967, Princeton, N.J.). Físico teórico estadounidense. Se graduó en la Universidad de Harvard, realizó investigación en la Universidad de Cambridge y obtuvo un doctorado en la Universidad de Gotinga …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oppenheimer, J(ulius) Robert —  (1904–1967) American physicist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Robert — (as used in expressions) Adam, Robert Aldrich, Robert Altman, Robert (B.) Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baden Powell (de Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1 barón Bakewell, Robert Baldwin, Robert Ballard Robert D(uane) Bly, Robert (Elwood) Borden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oppenheimer — [äp′ən hī΄mər] J(ulius) Robert 1904 67; U.S. nuclear physicist …   English World dictionary

  • Oppenheimer — /op euhn huy meuhr/, n. J(ulius) Robert, 1904 67, U.S. nuclear physicist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Oppenheimer — Op•pen•heim•er [[t]ˈɒp ənˌhaɪ mər[/t]] n. big J(ulius) Robert, 1904–67, U.S. nuclear physicist …   From formal English to slang

  • Oppenheimer — /ˈɒpənhaɪmə/ (say opuhnhuymuh) noun J(ulius) Robert, 1904–67, US nuclear physicist; directed the design and building of the first atom bomb (1943–45); opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb …   Australian English dictionary

  • Julius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Julius Caesar Cohn, Ferdinand (Julius) Cohnheim, Julius Friedrich Erving, Julius (Winfield) Scaliger, Julius Caesar y Joseph Justus Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius) Geiger, Theodor Julius… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oppie — Oppenheim(er); J(ulius) Robert Oppenheimer …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

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