Ochs, Adolph Simon


Ochs, Adolph Simon
born March 12, 1858, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
died April 8, 1935, Chattanooga, Tenn.

U.S. newspaper publisher.

Ochs grew up in Tennessee, where he worked for various newspapers. At age 20 he borrowed $250 to become proprietor of the moribund Chattanooga Times, which he developed into one of the South's leading newspapers. He gained control of the financially faltering New York Times in 1896. Despising yellow journalism, he adopted the slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print" and emphasized comprehensive and trustworthy news gathering. Under his ownership the Times became one of the world's outstanding newspapers. From 1900 he was a director of the Associated Press. Ochs's son-in-law, Arthur H. Sulzberger, was the first in a succession of family heirs to lead the New York Times Co.

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▪ American newspaper publisher
born March 12, 1858, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
died April 8, 1935, Chattanooga, Tennessee

      American newspaper publisher under whose ownership (from 1896) The New York Times (New York Times, The) became one of the world's outstanding newspapers. Despising “yellow [sensational] journalism (yellow journalism),” he emphasized comprehensive and trustworthy news gathering.

      Ochs, the son of Jewish immigrants, delivered newspapers while a schoolboy in Knoxville, Tennessee. He became a printer's devil (apprentice) on the Knoxville Chronicle in 1872 and later a compositor on the Louisville (Kentucky) Courier-Journal. In 1877 he helped to establish the Chattanooga Dispatch, and in July 1878, only 20, he borrowed $250 to buy a controlling interest in the moribund Chattanooga Times, which he developed into one of the leading newspapers in the South. He was a founder of the Southern Associated Press and was its chairman from 1891 to 1894; from 1900 until his death he was a director of the Associated Press.

      On August 18, 1896, Ochs acquired control of the financially faltering New York Times, again with borrowed money ($75,000). To set his paper apart from its more sensational competitors, Ochs adopted the slogan “All the News That's Fit to Print” (first used October 25, 1896) and insisted on reportage that lived up to that promise. Despite an early shortage of capital, he refused advertisements that he considered dishonest or in poor taste. In 1898, when sales were low and expenses unusually high, he probably saved The New York Times by cutting its price from three cents to one cent. He thereby attracted many readers who previously had bought the more sensational penny papers, especially the New York World and the Journal. By 1900 Ochs was able to purchase a controlling interest in The New York Times.

      Ochs was responsible for such innovations (newspaper) as a book review supplement and rotogravure printing of pictures. To make accurate source material available to the public, he began in 1913 to publish The New York Times Index, the only complete U.S. newspaper index.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ochs,Adolph Simon — Ochs (ŏks), Adolph Simon. 1858 1935. American newspaper publisher who published the New York Times (1896 1935) and directed the Associated Press (1900 1935). * * * …   Universalium

  • Ochs, Adolph Simon — (1858–1935)    US publisher. The son of a Bavarian immigrant who had settled in Tennessee and fought in the American Civil War, Ochs acquired the fading New York Times in 1896 and was its publisher for nearly forty years. Under his slogan ‘All… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Ochs, Adolph Simon — (12 mar. 1858, Cincinnati, Ohio, EE.UU.–8 abr. 1935, Chattanooga, Tenn.). Editor de periódicos estadounidense. Creció en Tennessee donde trabajó en varios periódicos. A los 20 años pidió prestados 250 dólares para adquirir el moribundo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolph Simon Ochs — Adolph Ochs Adolph Simon Ochs (né le 12 mars 1858– mort le 8 avril 1935) était le premier propriétaire du journal américain New York Times. Ses parents, Julius et Bertha Levy Ochs, étaient des immigrés juifs allemands installés à Cincinnati, dans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adolph Simon Ochs — Adolph Ochs (US amerikanische Briefmarke, 1976) Adolph Simon Ochs (* 12. März 1858 in Cincinnati, † 8. April 1935 in Chattanooga (Tennessee)) war ein amerikanischer Reporter bayerischer Herkunft und jüdischer Konfession, der im Jahre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolph Simon Ochs — noun United States newspaper publisher (1858 1935) • Syn: ↑Ochs • Instance Hypernyms: ↑publisher …   Useful english dictionary

  • Adolph — [ad′ôlf΄, ā′dôlf΄] n. 〚L Adolphus < OHG Adolf, Adulf, lit., noble wolf < adal, nobility + wolf, WOLF〛 a masculine name: equiv. L. Adolphus, Fr. Adolphe, Ger. Adolf …   Universalium

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  • Simon — /suy meuhn/; Fr. /see mawonn / for 7, n. 1. the original name of the apostle Peter. Cf. Peter. 2. Simon the Zealot, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4. 3. the Canaanite, one of the twelve apostles. Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15. 4. a… …   Universalium

  • Adolph — (as used in expressions) Gjellerup, Karl Adolph Gropius, Walter (Adolph) Ochs, Adolph Simon Volcker, Paul A(dolph) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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