Oates, Joyce Carol

Oates, Joyce Carol
born June 16, 1938, Lockport, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. writer.

Oates taught at the University of Windsor (1967–78) and Princeton University (from 1978). Beginning with the story collection By the North Gate (1963) and the novel With Shuddering Fall (1964), she wrote prolifically, often portraying people whose intensely experienced lives end in bloodshed and self-destruction owing to forces beyond their control. Her major novels include Them (1969), Do with Me What You Will (1973), Foxfire (1993), and Beasts (2002). Also significant is a parodic gothic series including Bellefleur (1980), A Bloodsmoor Romance (1982), and Mysteries of Winterthurn (1984).

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▪ American author
pseudonyms  Rosamond Smith  and  Lauren Kelly 
born June 16, 1938, Lockport, New York, U.S.
 American novelist, short-story writer, and essayist noted for her vast literary output in a variety of styles and genres. Particularly effective are her depictions of violence and evil in modern society.

      Oates was born in New York state, the daughter of a tool-and-die designer. She studied English at Syracuse University (B.A., 1960) and the University of Wisconsin (M.A., 1961). She taught English at the University of Detroit, in Michigan, from 1961 to 1967 and at the University of Windsor, in Ontario, Canada, from 1967 to 1978. From 1978 she taught at Princeton University. In 1961 she married Raymond J. Smith, a fellow English student who himself became a professor and an editor. With him she published The Ontario Review, a literary magazine.

      Early in her career Oates contributed short stories to a number of magazines and reviews, including the Prairie Schooner, Literary Review, Southwest Review, and Epoch, and in 1963 published her first collection of short stories, By the North Gate. Her first novel, With Shuddering Fall, appeared in 1964 and was followed by a second short-story collection, Upon the Sweeping Flood (1965). She wrote prolifically thereafter, averaging about two books per year.

      Her notable fiction works include A Garden of Earthly Delights (1967), them (1969; winner of a National Book Award), Do with Me What You Will (1973), Black Water (1992), Foxfire: Confessions of a Girl Gang (1993), Zombie (1995), We Were the Mulvaneys (1996), Broke Heart Blues (1999), The Falls (2004), and My Sister, My Love: The Intimate Story of Skyler Rampike (2008). In 2001 she published the short-story collection Faithless: Tales of Transgression, “richly various” tales of sin. An extensive and mainly retrospective volume of her stories, High Lonesome: New & Selected Stories, 1966–2006, was published in 2006. The story collection Wild Nights!: Stories About the Last Days of Poe, Dickinson, Twain, James, and Hemingway (2008) featured fictionalized accounts of the final days of various iconic American writers. Oates also wrote mysteries (under the pseudonyms Rosamond Smith and Lauren Kelly), plays, essays, poetry, and literary criticism. Essays, reviews, and other prose pieces are included in Where I've Been, and Where I'm Going (1999).

      Oates's novels encompass a variety of historical settings and literary genres. She typically portrays American individuals whose intensely experienced and obsessive lives end in bloodshed and self-destruction owing to larger forces beyond their control. Her books blend a realistic treatment of everyday life with horrific and even sensational depictions of violence.

Additional Reading
Oates's life and work are discussed in Eileen Teper Bender, Joyce Carol Oates, Artist in Residence (1987); Joanne V. Creighton, Joyce Carol Oates, ed. by Warren French (1979), and Joyce Carol Oates: Novels of the Middle Years (1992); Greg Johnson, Understanding Joyce Carol Oates (1987), Joyce Carol Oates: A Study of the Short Fiction (1994), and Invisible Writer: A Biography of Joyce Carol Oates (1998); and Brenda Daly, Lavish Self-Divisions: The Novels of Joyce Carol Oates (1996).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oates,Joyce Carol — Oates (ōts), Joyce Carol. Born 1938. American writer whose works often concern love and violence in American society. Among her novels are A Garden of Earthly Delights (1967), Bellefleur (1980), and American Appetites (1989). * * * …   Universalium

  • Oates, Joyce Carol — (n. 16 jun. 1938, Lockport, N.Y., EE.UU.). Escritora estadounidense. Ha enseñado en las universidades de Windsor (1967–78) y Princeton (desde 1978). Escritora prolífica, sus primeros libros fueron la compilación de relatos By the North Gate… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joyce Carol Oates — Oates in 2006. Photo: Sarahana Shrestha Born 16 June 1938 (1938 06 16) (age 73) Lockport, New York, U.S. Occupation Novelist, short story writer, playwright, p …   Wikipedia

  • Joyce Carol Oates — Joyce Carol Oates. Joyce Carol Oates (Lockport, New York, 16 de junio de 1938) es una novelista, cuentista, autora teatral, editora, y crítica estadounidense. Desde 1978, es profesora de escritura creativa en la Universidad de Princeton (Nueva… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joyce Carol Oates — (* 16. Juni 1938 in Lockport im US Bundesstaat New York) ist eine US amerikanische Schriftstellerin. Gelegentlich publiziert Oates auch unter den Pseudonymen Rosamond Smith und Lauren Kelly. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joyce Carol Oates — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Oates. Joyce Carol Oates, née le 16 juin 1938 à Lockport (État de New York). est une poétesse et romancière américaine. Sommaire 1 Carrière 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joyce Carol Oates — noun United States writer (born in 1938) • Syn: ↑Oates • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Joyce — Joyce, James * * * (as used in expressions) Cary, (Arthur) Joyce (Lunel) Joyce, James (Augustine Aloysius) Oates, Joyce Carol …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oates — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom de Oates est porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Adam Oates (1962 ), joueur hockey sur glace canadien ; Eugene… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • carol — caroler; esp. Brit., caroller, n. /kar euhl/, n., v., caroled, caroling or (esp. Brit.) carolled, carolling. n. 1. a song, esp. of joy. 2. a Christmas song or hymn. 3. a seat in a bay window or oriel. 4. a compartment in a cloister, similar t …   Universalium

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