Oakley, Annie


Oakley, Annie
orig. Phoebe Anne Moses

born Aug. 13, 1860, Darke county, Ohio, U.S.
died Nov. 3, 1926, Greenville, Ohio

U.S. sharpshooter.

As a child she won acclaim for her marksmanship. She later toured vaudeville circuits with her marksman husband, Frank Butler. In 1885 they joined Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show; she was one of the show's star attractions for most of the next 16 years. Oakley's famous act included shooting off the end of a cigarette held in Butler's lips, hitting the thin edge of a playing card from 30 paces, and shooting distant targets while looking into a mirror. In 1887 she was presented to Queen Victoria, and later in Berlin she performed her cigarette trick with, at his insistence, Crown Prince William (later Kaiser William II) holding the cigarette.

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▪ American markswoman
original name  Phoebe Ann Moses 
born Aug. 13, 1860, Darke county, Ohio, U.S.
died Nov. 3, 1926, Greenville, Ohio

      American markswoman who starred in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, where she was often called “Little Sure Shot.”

      Phoebe Ann Moses early developed an amazing proficiency with firearms. As a child she hunted game with such success that, according to legend, by selling it in Cincinnati, Ohio, she was able to pay off the mortgage on the family farm. When she was 15 she won a shooting match in Cincinnati with Frank E. Butler, a vaudeville marksman. They were married (probably in 1876), and until 1885 they played vaudeville circuits and circuses as “Butler and Oakley” (she apparently took her professional name from a Cincinnati suburb). In April 1885, Annie Oakley, now under her husband's management, joined “Buffalo Bill” Cody's Wild West Show. Billed as “Miss Annie Oakley, the Peerless Lady Wing-Shot,” she was one of the show's star attractions for 16 years, except for a brief period in 1887, when she was with the rival Pawnee Bill's Frontier Exhibition.

 Oakley never failed to delight her audiences, and her feats of marksmanship were truly incredible. At 30 paces she could split a playing card held edge-on, she hit dimes tossed into the air, she shot cigarettes from her husband's lips, and, a playing card being thrown into the air, she riddled it before it touched the ground (thus giving rise to the custom of referring to punched complimentary tickets as “Annie Oakleys”). She was a great success on the Wild West Show's European trips. In 1887 she was presented to Queen Victoria, and later in Berlin she performed her cigarette trick with, at his insistence, Crown Prince Wilhelm (later Kaiser Wilhelm II) holding the cigarette. A train wreck in 1901 left her partially paralyzed for a time, but she recovered and returned to the stage to amaze audiences for many more years.

Additional Reading
Walter Havighurst, Annie Oakley of the Wild West (1954, reissued 1992); Shirl Kasper, Annie Oakley (1992); and Glenda Riley, The Life and Legacy of Annie Oakley (1994), cover Oakley's life and career. Isabelle S. Sayers, Annie Oakley and Buffalo Bill's Wild West (1981), contains many contemporary photographs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oakley,Annie — Oak·ley (ōkʹlē), Annie. 1860 1926. American sharpshooter. She was the star attraction of Buffalo Bill s Wild West Show. * * * …   Universalium

  • Oakley, Annie — orig. Phoebe Anne Moses (13 ago. 1860, cond. de Darke, Ohio, EE.UU.–3 nov. 1926, Greenville, Ohio). Tiradora estadounidense de primera. De niña se hizo célebre por su puntería. Posteriormente recorrió los circuitos de vodevil con su marido, Frank …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Annie Oakley — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cartel anunciando a Annie Oakley. Phoebe Anne Oakley Moses (Darke County, Ohio, 13 de agosto de 1860 – Greenville, Ohio, 3 de noviembre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Annie Oakley — For other uses, see Annie Oakley (disambiguation). Annie Oakley Born Phoebe Ann Mosey August 13, 1860(1860 08 13) Greenville, Ohio, United States …   Wikipedia

  • Annie Oakley — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Annie et Oakley. Annie Oakley sur une affiche du Buffalo Bill s Wild West show Annie Oakley ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Annie — /an ee/, n. a female given name, form of Ann, Anna, or Anne. * * * (as used in expressions) Besant Annie Annie Wood Leibovitz Annie Oakley Annie Proulx Edna Annie * * * …   Universalium

  • Annie — (as used in expressions) Besant, Annie Annie Wood Leibovitz, Annie Oakley, Annie Proulx, (Edna) Annie …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Annie Oakley — um 1899 Annie Oakley (* 13. August 1860 in der Nähe von Willowdell[1], nach anderen Angaben bei North Star[2], Darke County, Ohio; † 3. November 1926 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Annie, la reine du cirque (film, 1950) — Annie, la reine du cirque Annie Get Your Gun Betty Hutton dans Annie, la reine du cirque Réalisation George Sidney Ac …   Wikipédia en Français


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