Nūr al-Hilmī, Burhanuddin bin Muhammad


Nūr al-Hilmī, Burhanuddin bin Muhammad
born 1911, Kota Bharu, Malaya
died Oct. 25, 1969, Taiping, Malaysia

Malay nationalist leader.

After serving the administration of the Japanese occupation during the war, Nūr al-Hilmī became a prominent left-wing leader who worked for an independent and multiracial Malaysia. In 1956 he became president of the Pan-Malayan Islamic Party, which became the principal opposition party in Malaysian politics. Detained in 1965 for allegedly pro-Indonesian activities, he was released in 1966; he remained nominal president of the party until his death.

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▪ Malaysian leader
born 1911, Kota Bharu [now Kota Baharu], Malaya [now in Malaysia]
died Oct. 25, 1969, Taiping, Malaysia

      Malay nationalist leader who led the principal opposition party in the decades after World War II.

      Nūr al-Hilmī attended Islāmic schools at home and in Sumatra before going to India in 1928. On his return home, he taught at a madrasa (school) in Singapore and became a member of the radical Young Malay Union. During the Japanese occupation he was an adviser on Malay custom and culture to the military administration. After the war, however, he emerged as a major national leader when he was elected president of the left-wing Malay Nationalist Party (MNP). Under his leadership the party worked with other left-wing organizations to produce constitutional proposals for an independent and multiracial Malaya. The outbreak of the Communist Emergency in 1948 brought an abrupt end to constitutional politics in Malaya, and Nūr al-Hilmī himself was detained by the British for two years from 1950 for supposed involvement in anti-British riots in Singapore. The MNP having been dissolved, Nūr al-Hilmī was now a politician without an effective party. In 1956 he became president of the Pan-Malayan Islāmic Party (PMIP), an organization whose own origins can be traced back to the MNP and associated nationalist groups in the late 1940s. Under his leadership, the PMIP became the principal opposition party in Malaysian politics, winning a substantial share of the Malay vote (Nūr al-Hilmī himself was elected to parliament in 1959) and mounting a strong agrarian-populist and anti-colonialist attack, especially upon the Malay centrist party. Detained again in 1965 for alleged pro-Indonesian activities during that country's “Confrontation” of Malaysia, he was released in 1966, in poor health and subject to stringent political surveillance. He continued as nominal president of the party until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Nur al-Hilmi, Burhanuddin bin Muhammad — (1911, Kota Bharu, Estados Malayos–25 oct. 1969, Taiping, Malasia). Líder nacionalista malayo. Después de trabajar en la administración de los ocupantes japoneses durante la guerra, se convirtió en un destacado líder izquierdista que luchó por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bin — /bin/, n., v., binned, binning. n. 1. a box or enclosed place for storing grain, coal, or the like. v.t. 2. to store in a bin. [bef. 950; ME binne, OE binn(e) crib, perh. < Celt; cf. Welsh benn cart] * * * (as used in expressions) bin Laden Osama …   Universalium

  • Muhammad — /moo ham euhd, hah meuhd/, n. 1. Also, Mohammed, Mahomet. A.D. 570 632, Arab prophet: founder of Islam. 2. Elijah (Elijah Poole), 1897 1975, U.S. clergyman: leader of the Black Muslims 1934 75. 3. a male given name. * * * I or Mohammed born с 570 …   Universalium

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  • al — /ahl/, n. See Indian mulberry. [ < Hindi al] * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din Muhammad Khayr al Din Busra al Sham Al… …   Universalium

  • Al — /al/, n. a male given name: form of Albert, Alfred, Aloysius. Symbol, Chem. aluminum. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din… …   Universalium

  • AL — 1. Alabama (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Anglo Latin. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din Muhammad Khayr al Din… …   Universalium

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  • al — ► contracción Contracción de la preposición a y el artículo el. * * * al 1 Contracción de la preposición «a» y el artículo «el»: ‘Nos vamos al campo’. 2 Se usa mucho delante de un verbo en infinitivo para expresar simultaneidad momentánea con la… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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