Nyerere, Julius (Kambarage)


Nyerere, Julius (Kambarage)
born March 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika
died Oct. 14, 1999, London, Eng.

First prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), first president of Tanzania (1964–85), and the major force behind the Organization of African Unity (OAU; now African Union).

He taught in Catholic schools before studying history and economics in Britain. As leader of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), he advocated peaceful change, social equality, and ethnic harmony. In elections in 1958–60 TANU won many seats in the legislature. As president he collectivized village farmlands, carried out mass literacy campaigns, and instituted universal education. He sought to make Tanzania economically self-sufficient, an effort that ultimately failed. In 1979 he authorized the invasion of Uganda to overthrow Idi Amin. Within the OAU he advocated the overthrow of white-suprematist governments in South Africa, Rhodesia, and South West Africa. After retiring from politics in 1990, Nyerere devoted the rest of his life to farming and diplomacy.

Nyerere, 1981

Hanos-Liaison Agency

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nyerere,Julius Kambarage — Nye·re·re (nyĕ rĕʹrĕ), Julius Kambarage. 1921 1999. Tanzanian politician who led his country to independence from Britain and served as its first president (1962 1985). During his presidency, he successfully promoted East African unity. * * * …   Universalium

  • Nyerere, Julius Kambarage — ▪ 2000       Tanzanian politician (b. April 13, 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika d. Oct. 14, 1999, London, Eng.), as chief minister (later prime minister) of self governing Tanganyika (from 1960) and the first president of Tanzania (1964–85), was… …   Universalium

  • Nyerere, Julius (Kambarage) — (mar. 1922, Butíama, Tanganyika–14 oct. 1999, Londres, Inglaterra). Primero en ocupar el cargo de primer ministro de Tanganyika independiente (1961) y primer presidente de Tanzania (1964–85); la principal influencia detrás de la Organización de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nyerere, Julius Kambarage — ► (1922 99) Político de Tanzania. En 1952 fundó y fue presidente del partido TANU (Tanganyka African National Union). Al conseguir Tanganica la independencia, fue elegido primer presidente de la República en 1962 64. Cuando se constituyó el nuevo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nyerere, Julius (Kambarage) —  (1922–1999) President of Tanganyika and (after its union with Zanzibar) of Tanzania (1961–1985) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Julius Kambarage Nyerere — Julius Nyerere 1977 Julius Kambarage Nyerere (* 13. April 1922 in Butiama (nahe dem Ostufer des Victoriasees); † 14. Oktober 1999 in London) war ein tansanischer Politiker. Er wurde als Sohn eines Oberhaupts der Zanaki, eines kleinen Volks in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius Kambarage Nyerere — Julius Nyerere Julius Nyerere, le 4 août 1977. Julius Kambarage Nyerere (né le 13 avril 1922 à Butiama et décédé le 14 octobre 1999 à Londres) est un homme politique tanzanien. Il fut Premier ministre de la Tanzanie de 1960 à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nyerere, Julius — ▪ president of Tanzania in full  Julius Kambarage Nyerere , also called  Mwalimu (Swahili: “Teacher”)  born March 1922, Butiama, Tanganyika died October 14, 1999, London, England  first prime minister of independent Tanganyika (1961), who became… …   Universalium

  • Nyerere — Nyerere, Julius Kambarage …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kambarage — Julius Nyerere 1977 Julius Kambarage Nyerere (* 13. April 1922 in Butiama (nahe dem Ostufer des Victoriasees); † 14. Oktober 1999 in London) war ein tansanischer Politiker. Er wurde als Sohn eines Oberhaupts der Zanaki, eines kleinen Volks in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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