North Cascades National Park


North Cascades National Park
National park, northwestern Washington, U.S. Established in 1968 to preserve mountain snowfields, glaciers, alpine meadows, and lakes in the northern part of the Cascade Range, it covers an area of 504,781 acres (204,278 hectares).

The Ross Lake National Recreation Area separates the park into two sections, the northern unit extending to the Canadian border and the southern unit adjoining the Lake Chelan National Recreation Area.

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 wilderness area in northwestern Washington, U.S. The park was established in 1968 to preserve majestic mountain scenery, snowfields, more than 300 glaciers, alpine meadows, cascading waterfalls, and other unique natural features in the North Cascade Range; the region frequently is called the North American Alps. The park covers an area of 789 square miles (2,043 square km).

      Formed of durable granites and related rocks, the mountains in the park have elevations mostly between 8,000 and 9,000 feet (2,440 and 2,740 metres). Ross Lake National Recreation Area separates the park into two sections, the northern unit extending to the Canadian border and the southern unit adjoining the Lake Chelan National Recreation Area; the park and two recreation areas are administered collectively as the North Cascades National Park Service Complex. The park has a wide variety of vegetation, from the dominant hemlock and western red cedar (giant arborvitae) in the western lowland forests to flowering plants such as heather, campions, and daisies in the alpine meadows. The eastern slope of the mountains has a drier climate with drought-resistant trees, including fir and pine. Ferns grow in most mountain habitats. Wildlife includes deer, black bears, pumas (mountain lions), marmots, squirrels, bald eagles, and falcons.

      Access to the park is chiefly by trails from trailheads in the two national recreation areas. The Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail traverses the far southern corner of the park.

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Universalium. 2010.

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