North (of Kirtling), Frederick, Lord


North (of Kirtling), Frederick, Lord
later earl of Guilford

born April 13, 1732, London, Eng.
died Aug. 5, 1792, London

English prime minister (1770–82).

Elected to Parliament at age 22, he served as lord of the treasury (1759–65) and as chancellor of the Exchequer (1767–70). As prime minister, he gave vacillating support to both harsh and conciliatory measures toward the American colonies before the American Revolution. Although only a halfhearted supporter of the war, he was a pliant agent of George III. He resigned on hearing the news of Charles Cornwallis's defeat at the Siege of Yorktown. In 1783 he formed a brief coalition with his former Whig opponent Charles James Fox.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Frederick — /fred rik, euhr ik/, n. 1. a city in central Maryland. 27,557. 2. Also, Frederic. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning peace and ruler. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashton Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Frederick Austerlitz… …   Universalium

  • North — /nawrth/, n. 1. Christopher, pen name of John Wilson. 2. Frederick, 2nd Earl of Guilford /gil feuhrd/ ( Lord North ), 1732 92, British statesman: prime minister 1770 82. 3. Sir Thomas, 1535? 1601?, English translator. * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

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  • lord — lordlike, adj. /lawrd/, n. 1. a person who has authority, control, or power over others; a master, chief, or ruler. 2. a person who exercises authority from property rights; an owner of land, houses, etc. 3. a person who is a leader or has great… …   Universalium

  • lord — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Título de honor que se da en el Reino Unido a los pares del reino y a los miembros de la cámara alta. IRREG. plural lores * * * lord (del ingl. «lord», señor; pl. «lores») m. Título que usan, antepuesto al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • north — /nawrth/, n. 1. a cardinal point of the compass, lying in the plane of the meridian and to the left of a person facing the rising sun. Abbr.: N 2. the direction in which this point lies. 3. (usually cap.) a region or territory situated in this… …   Universalium

  • North — (as used in expressions) British North America Act North Canadian, río North Cascades, parque nacional North Down North Platte, río North West Co. North, Alex North (de Kirtling), Frederick, Lord …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baron North — Baron North, of Kirtling Tower in the County of Cambridge, is an abeyant title in the Peerage of England. It was created on January 17, 1554, for Sir Edward North. He was a successful lawyer, clerk of the Parliament and chancellor of the Court of …   Wikipedia