Nicopolis, Battle of


Nicopolis, Battle of
(September 25, 1396) Turkish victory over an army of European crusaders.

When the Ottoman Turks besieged Constantinople (1395), Manuel II Palaeologus appealed to Europe for help. The king of Hungary organized a crusade intended to expel the Turks from the Balkans and then march to Jerusalem. The crusaders laid siege to Nicopolis, the main Turkish stronghold on the Danube River, but Turkish forces arrived from Constantinople and slaughtered most of the crusaders. The battle ended international efforts to halt Turkish expansion into the Balkans and central Europe.

* * *

▪ Europe-Turkey
      (Sept. 25, 1396), military engagement that resulted in a Turkish victory over an army of European crusaders. It brought an end to massive international efforts to halt Turkish expansion into the Balkans and central Europe.

      When the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I (ruled 1389–1402) laid siege to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1395, the Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaeologus appealed to the Christian rulers of Europe for aid. King Sigismund of Hungary responded by organizing a crusade. In July 1396 knights from France, Burgundy, England, Germany, and the Netherlands joined Sigismund at Buda and set out first to evict the Turks from the Balkans and then to march through Anatolia and Syria to Jerusalem.

      Having entered Turkish territory (August) and conquered the garrisons at Vidin and Rahova, the crusaders laid siege to Nicopolis, the main Turkish stronghold on the Danube River. While they waited for the well-stocked, well-fortified town to submit, Bayezid marched from Constantinople and established his army on a hill several miles from Nicopolis. Although Sigismund urged his allies to maintain a defensive position, the knights charged up the hill, scattering the first lines of the Turkish cavalry and infantry. Bayezid awaited them, however, with another cavalry contingent reinforced by a Serbian army, and by that time the heavily armoured Western knights were too exhausted to fight effectively. Sigismund, whose army had not participated in the initial attack, tried to rescue the knights, but his Walachian and Transylvanian contingents deserted and his Hungarian force was insufficient. The Turks slaughtered most of the crusaders and pushed the remainder back to the Danube. Although a small portion of the allied army, including Sigismund, escaped, most survivors were captured and executed by Bayezid.

      By their victory at Nicopolis, the Turks discouraged the formation of future European coalitions against them. They maintained their pressure on Constantinople, tightened their control over the Balkans, and became a greater menace to central Europe.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Nicopolis (titular see, Epirus) — Nicopolis is a Catholic titular see. Quite extensive ruins of Nicopolis are found three miles to the north of Prevesa and are called Palaio Prevesa. History It was a metropolis in ancient Epirus. Augustus founded the city (31 BC) on a promontory… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Maritsa — Part of the Ottoman wars in Europe Serbian Ottoman Wars The Ottoman advance after the battle of Chernomen …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Samos (1824) — Battle of Samos Part of the Greek War of Independence Date August 5, 1824 (julian calendar) Location Off Samos Result …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Gerontas — Part of Greek War of Independence Date August 29, 1824 Location Southeast Aegean Result Greek v …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Nicopolis — For other uses, see Battle of Nicopolis (disambiguation). Last Crusade redirects here. For the 1989 movie, see Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. Battle of Nicopolis Part of the Ottoman wars in Europe Ottoman–Hungarian Wars …   Wikipedia

  • Nicopolis — For other places with the same name, see Nicopolis (disambiguation). Location of Nicopolis. Nicopolis (Greek: Νικόπολις, City of Victory ) or Actia Nicopolis was an ancient city of Epirus, founded 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Kosovo — This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389. For other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation); for the 1989 film depicting the battle, see Battle of Kosovo (film) Battle of Kosovo Part of the Ottoman wars in Europe Serbian Ottoman… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Nicopolis (48 BC) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Zela caption= partof= Caesar s civil war date=48 BC place=Nicopolis result=Pontian victory combatant1=Caesar s forces combatant2=Pharnacean forces commander1=Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Vienna — This article is about the 1683 battle. For the earlier Ottoman siege of 1529, see Siege of Vienna. For the 1485 Hungarian siege, see Siege of Vienna (1485). For 1945 battle, see Vienna Offensive. Battle of Vienna Part of the Great Turkish War,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.