New Granada, Viceroyalty of


New Granada, Viceroyalty of
Spanish viceroyalty in northwestern South America during colonial times.

The region was conquered by the Spaniards in 1537–38 and was subject to the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1740. It then became a separate viceroyalty that included the modern countries of Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Its capital was Santa Fé (modern Bogotá). It was liberated from Spain in 1823.

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▪ historical territory, South America
Spanish  Virreinato de Nueva Granada,  

      in colonial Latin America, a Spanish viceroyalty—first established in1717, suppressed in 1723, and reestablished in 1739—that included present-day Colombia, Panama (after 1751), Ecuador, and Venezuela and had its capital at Santa Fé (present-day Bogotá).

      The separation of these territories from the Viceroyalty of Peru, one of the principal colonial administrative changes effected by the Bourbon monarchs of Spain, reflected the growing population and increasing commercial importance of the area in the 18th century, as well as the perceived need for stronger defense against British activities in the Caribbean. Subsequent commercial and political reforms and rising European demand for colonial products led to a period of relative prosperity and intellectual and cultural activity, which, however, exacerbated divisions between peninsular Spaniards and middle- and upper-class creoles. The viceroyalty began to disintegrate in 1810, when most of the component jurisdictions ejected their Spanish officials. Initially the new governments swore allegiance to the Spanish monarch, and they did not begin to declare independence until the following year. A series of civil wars facilitated the temporary reconquest of the United Provinces of New Granada by Spain between 1814 and 1816, and the liberation of the area from Spanish rule was not completed until 1823. The name República de Nueva Granada (“Republic of New Granada”) was adopted by Colombia in the period 1830–58.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • New Granada — geographical name Spanish viceroyalty in NW South America 1717 1819 comprising area included in modern Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, & Ecuador …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • New Granada — 1. a former Spanish viceroyalty in NW South America, comprising the present republics of Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, and Panama. 2. early name of Colombia (before the secession of Panama). * * * …   Universalium

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  • New Granada — 1. a former Spanish viceroyalty in NW South America, comprising the present republics of Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, and Panama. 2. early name of Colombia (before the secession of Panama) …   Useful english dictionary

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  • List of Viceroys of New Granada — See also : New Kingdom of GranadaBefore 1718 and from 1724 to 1740, the Viceroyalty of New Granada was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru.*Acting viceroy (without the formal title).**In 1723, the Viceroyalty was dissolved. Its government returned to …   Wikipedia


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