- Neurath, Konstantin, baron von
born Feb. 2, 1873, Klein-Glattbach, Ger.died Aug. 14, 1956, Enzweihingen, W.Ger.German diplomat.He entered the diplomatic service in 1903 and served as minister to Denmark (1919–22), ambassador to Italy (1922–30), and ambassador to Britain (1930–32). As Germany's foreign minister (1932–38), he lent respectability to Adolf Hitler's expansionist foreign policy. As "protector" of Bohemia and Moravia (1939–41), he was accused of being too lenient and was replaced by Reinhard Heydrich. After World War II, he was tried and imprisoned for war crimes (1946–54).
* * *▪ German officialborn Feb. 2, 1873, Klein-Glattbach, Ger.died Aug. 14, 1956, Enzweihingen, W.Ger.German diplomat who was Adolf Hitler's (Hitler, Adolf) foreign minister from 1933 to 1938.After studying law at the Universities of Tübingen and Berlin, Neurath entered the German foreign service in 1903. After World War I he served as minister to Denmark (from 1919), ambassador to Italy (from 1922), and ambassador to Great Britain (from 1930). From June 1932 he was foreign minister in the Papen and Schleicher cabinets and retained his post after Hitler became chancellor in 1933. In this post Neurath lent a veneer of conservative respectability to Hitler's expansionist foreign policy. In February 1938 he was ousted by Hitler in favour of Joachim von Ribbentrop, and in March 1939 he was appointed Reichsprotektor for Bohemia and Moravia. During his tenure of office there, he abolished the Czech political parties and trade unions, instituted the Nürnberg racial laws in the protectorate, and made Czechoslovakian industry work for the German war effort. Nevertheless, in September 1941 Neurath was told by Hitler that his rule was “too lenient” and was dismissed.He was captured by French troops in the closing days of World War II in Europe and was brought to trial before the International Military Tribunal at Nürnberg (Nürnberg trials), found guilty, and sentenced to 15 years of imprisonment. He was released from Spandau prison in November 1954 after serving eight years and one month.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Neurath, Konstantin, barón von — (2 feb. 1873, Klein Glattbach, Alemania–14 ago. 1956, Enzweihingen, Alemania Occidental). Diplomático alemán. Ingresó al servicio diplomático en 1903 y se desempeñó como representante de su país ante Dinamarca (1919–22) y embajador ante Italia… … Enciclopedia Universal
NEURATH (K. von) — NEURATH KONSTANTIN baron von (1873 1956) Fils du grand chambellan du roi de Wurtemberg, Konstantin von Neurath fait des études de droit et entre, en 1903, dans la diplomatie. Ambassadeur à Copenhague (1919), à Rome (1922 1930) puis à Londres… … Encyclopédie Universelle
von — /von/; Ger. /fawn/, unstressed /feuhn/, prep. from; of (used in German and Austrian personal names, originally to indicate place of origin and later to indicate nobility): Paul von Hindenburg. * * * (as used in expressions) Friedrich Leopold… … Universalium
baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of … Universalium
Baron — /bann rddawonn /, n. Michel /mee shel /, (Michel Boyron), 1653 1729, French actor. * * * I Title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a viscount or a count (in countries without viscounts). The wife of a baron is a baroness.… … Universalium
Barón — (Probablemente del germ. *baro, hombre libre.) ► sustantivo 1 Título nobiliario que, en España, sigue en importancia al de vizconde. 2 POLÍTICA Persona importante y poderosa de un partido político: ■ se convirtió en el barón que catapultó la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Konstantin — (as used in expressions) Chernenko Konstantin Ustinovich Neurath Konstantin baron von Pobedonostsev Konstantin Petrovich Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich Stanislavsky Konstantin Sergeyevich Konstantin Sergeyevich Alekseyev * * * … Universalium
Konstantin von Neurath — Reichsprotektor von Neurath, 1939 Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs … Wikipedia
Albrecht Graf von Bernstorff — Albrecht Theodor Andreas Graf von Bernstorff (* 6. März 1890 in Berlin; † 23. oder 24. April 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Diplomat und Widerstandskämpfer gegen den Nationalsozialismus. Er gehörte zu den be … Deutsch Wikipedia
Joachim von Ribbentrop — Infobox Officeholder name = Joachim von Ribbentrop imagesize = small caption = order = Reich Minister of Foreign Affairs term start = February 4, 1938 term end = April 30, 1945 president = Adolf Hitler Führer chancellor = Adolf Hitler predecessor … Wikipedia